Mosquito bites are not only annoying but can spread serious and infectious ailments. The female mosquitoes have an elongated, piercing mouthpiece that can pierce the skin to consume blood. Take note that blood serves as a source of protein for their eggs.
What are the indications?
Once a female mosquito delivers a bite, it draws out blood and introduces saliva into the skin. The saliva includes proteins that prevents the blood from clotting and triggers a mild immune reaction in most individuals.
As a result, many notice the indicative signs of mosquito bites right after being bitten. A reddened, round bump with a dot in the center forms that is accompanied by itchiness.
Other indications include the following:
- Swelling or redness
- Dark spots that strikingly resemble a bruise
- Small-sized blisters in place of the hard bumps
In some cases, several bumps can occur. It simply indicates that the mosquito has pierced the skin in more than one site or the individual was bitten by more than one insect.
Other symptoms such as swollen glands, hives and low-grade fever can occur among children and those with weakened immune systems. Generally, the symptoms become trivial with additional bites. The reason for this is that the body is steadily accustomed to the mosquito bites.
Am I at risk for mosquito bites?
The female mosquitos tend to have preference on biting some individuals over others. The precise reason for this is not yet known.
Carbon dioxide easily attracts mosquitos. Some individuals including those who are pregnant or overweight naturally release more carbon dioxide than others. Movement, body heat and body odors such as sweat and lactic acid might also play a role in attracting mosquitoes.
Prevention is better than a cure when dealing with mosquito bites. The following measures must be considered.
- Eliminate any sources of stagnant water around the house and yard to lower the number of mosquitos in the area.
- Install screens and netting
- Make sure to cover up when spending time outdoors
- Avoid any wooded or grassy areas
- Avoid wearing brightly-colored clothes, perfumes and scented beauty products
- Use an insect repellant when spending outdoors, especially when exercising.