Most cases of mouth wounds do not necessitate medical care. Some might require a tetanus booster and even stitches.
Generally, mouth wounds are brought about by trauma either from a blunt force, sharp object or the teeth of the individual.
What are the signs?
The usual indications of mouth wounds include the following:
- Pain or discomfort
- Cuts on the tissue
- Tooth injuries
- Minor tissue loss and/or small tissue flaps
In some cases, the damage might be deep and involve the musculature while others can penetrate up through the mucosa and skin. There are instances where it can reach the vermillion border of the lips.
Management of mouth wounds
Initially, the individual must be assessed for any associated injuries such as difficulty swallowing or breathing, facial fractures, missing or loose teeth and significant tissue loss.
A tetanus vaccine must be given if not updated with the shots. Consequently, for significant facial wounds, it requires treatment in a healthcare facility.
In most cases, the treatment involves monitoring of the wound especially those that are small or shallow and does not involve the vermillion border.
As for lacerations that bleed for more than 15 minutes even with the application of pressure, it requires stitches. Wounds involving the vermillion border, tissue flaps and deep lacerations that include the musculature might require stitches as well as those with irregular, jagged edges.
Additionally, the skin at the left and right corners of the mouth might freely bleed and require stitches to prevent bleeding and further damage.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on mouth wounds is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to properly manage the injury, register for a first aid and CPR course with Vancouver First Aid.