Neck and head injuries are quite common during vehicular accidents. Based on studies conducted, neck injuries commonly occur. Of course, other injuries are likely to occur including bruising, lacerations, brain injuries as well as broken bones in the face and the skull.
Injuries can be caused by various ways if an individual is involved in a vehicular accident. A whiplash is commonly caused by rear-end collisions. There are also front-end or side-impact collisions. In such cases, the vehicle can hit another vehicle, solid object, pedestrian or any inanimate object. If the vehicle rolls over, injuries can also occur.
Traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury can damage the brain. This injury can occur during a car collision if the head strikes the steering wheel or window. It can also be caused from whiplash when the brain is shaken inside the skull. Injuries to the brain can be open or closed. In most cases of vehicular collisions, brain injuries are closed injures in which the brain was not penetrated.
Symptoms of traumatic brain injuries
When it comes to traumatic brain injuries, there are symptoms that you have to watch out for. Some of the physical symptoms include the following:
- Impaired speech and vision
- Balance problems
Other symptoms include difficulty concentrating and communicating, memory loss and impaired judgment. Brain injury can also result to anxiety or depression. If an individual is involved in a vehicular accident with possible traumatic head injury, it is important to call for emergency assistance right away to prevent further damage.
As a flexible part of the spine, the neck is susceptible to injuries due to sudden movement especially during vehicular collisions. A whiplash injury is the most common which can be a strain or sprain of the neck. A neck strain is an injury to the muscles while the sprain is an injury to the ligaments. There are also other injuries that can occur during a vehicular collision such as pinched nerves and herniated discs.
This is comprised of symptoms after an injury in which the head is thrown into a state of hyperextension and then forward. Whiplash can damage the joints or discs which can cause the irritation of the nerve roots. Depending on the injury sustained, the following symptoms can occur:
- Weakness or tingling down the arm
Herniated disc occurs once the soft substance on the interior of the disc is pushed out. Once it lands on the nerve root, the individual will feel pain and accompanied by symptoms such as weakness, numbness or sensation of pins and needles down the arm.
Prevention of neck and head injuries
Every vehicular collision is different and not all cases of collisions can be avoided even if safe driving measures are observed. It is important to take into consideraion the safety features of your vehicle by wearing seat belts and ensure that children are secured properly in child seats. Airbags can help prevent injuries during a front-end collision. The use of head restraints can be positioned behind the head to prevent whiplash injury.