Knee osteoarthritis is considered as a common condition that occurs once the cartilage in the knee joint wears away. Once this occurs, the bone rubs on bone, resulting to pain, stiffness and even deformity of the joint in some cases. In case the condition is severe, knee replacement surgery might be required. Nevertheless, surgery is considered as the last option if other treatment options failed. Before knee surgery is considered, the doctor will try out other treatment measures to relieve the symptoms. To learn to recognize and manage the symptoms such as pain, enroll in a first aid course today.
Proper exercise will not only help the individual lose weight, but also strengthen and stretch out the muscles that surround and support the knee. A regular exercise routine is one of the ideal treatments for knee osteoarthritis. Resistance exercise performed along with weight, machines or bands can strengthen the muscles in the thighs and hips. Once the muscles are stronger, they are capable of supporting the knee joint which reduces the pain.
Stretching of the thigh and hip can help improve flexibility and minimize stiffness. The doctor will provide the ideal exercises suitable for the individual.
Using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and muscle relaxants can alleviate the symptoms. In some circumstances, using these medications can reduce the symptoms so that the individual can perform exercises. Steroid injections are recommended if the orally taken medications could not provide enough relief.
Rest and other pain relief options
The individual must learn how to properly balance rest with activity. It is vital to listen to the bodily signals so that the individual will know when to push and when to rest. Additionally, the application of heat or cold, massage, acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation can be included in the treatment plan
Use of braces and supports
With the guidance of a physical therapist, the individual can learn how to properly use a knee brace. The use of a brace for those who have knee osteoarthritis can take off pressure from the joint, stabilize the joint, enable it to rest as well as protect from further damage. In addition, it can also ease the symptoms such as tingling, pain and numbness. It will also help if an orthotic is used or even a cane to help the individual walk correctly and take weight off the knee.
Cutting down weight
Those who are overweight can suffer from worse symptoms and places additional pressure on the knee joint. Among those who have knee osteoarthritis, the obese ones are likely to end up with advanced, end-stage disease than those who maintain a healthy weight.
The ideal way to lose weight is to combine a healthy food plan with aerobic exercise. The individual can engage in swimming, walking, dancing or biking for about 30 minutes in a day.