MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a form of bacteria that has established resistance to various widely used antibiotics. In such cases, an infection is difficult to manage than other bacterial infections.
How do I acquire an MRSA infection?
The MRSA bacteria typically spread via skin-to-skin contact with an infected individual or the bacteria is already present on the skin. The bacteria can spread via exposure to contaminated objects such as sheets, towels, dressings, clothes, door handles, surfaces and floors. Those who are hospitalized face the highest risk to be infected by MRSA. It is also possible for an individual to be infected outside the hospital setting, but the cases are uncommon.
In the recent years, the cases of MRSA have dropped due to increased awareness of the infection before by the healthcare professionals and the public. Nevertheless, MRSA is still an issue of concern.
Some individuals who require admission to a healthcare facility will require screening before, but there are measures that can minimize the risk such as:
- Regular hand washing especially after using the toilet as well as before and after cleaning.
- Observe proper wound care and devices that can result to infection
- Report any unsanitary bathroom or toilet facilities.
When visiting an individual in a healthcare facility, you can minimize the likelihood of spreading the bacteria by washing hands before and after going inside a room or ward. In addition, use hand wipes or a hand gel before touching the individual you are visiting.
Management of MRSA infections
Even though MRSA infections are hard to manage than other forms of bacterial infections, they are still treatable since the bacteria are not resistant to all antibiotics.
When it comes to minor skin infections, they do not always require treatment, aside from drainage of pus from the site. In most cases though, treatment using antibiotics that MRSA has not developed resistance to is used.
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, antibiotics in oral or intravenous form will be used and there might be a need to utilize a combination of antibiotics or use types that are seldom utilized for less serious cases of infections.