There are prescription pain medications given by the doctor to minimize the pain that could not be relieved by the over-the-counter variants. Various medications can be given by the doctor to reduce the pain. The type selected depends on the type of pain experienced by the individual.
Anti-inflammatory pain medications
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are pain medications that work by reducing the inflammation and its associated pain. In most cases, they are given to alleviate the pain linked with inflammation or injury of the muscles, joints or bones.
Oral, injection and suppository
The NSAIDs taken in one of these routes provide a systemic effect. The medication is absorbed into the bloodstream so that it acts all over the body. These medications ideally work if taken regularly to minimize the inflammation instead of taking them only during flare-ups.
Skin application of NSAIDs might be less sensitive in reducing the pain than those taken orally, but less likely to trigger side effects since they act locally in the area where it is applied. The topical anti-inflammatories make the skin more sensitive to sunlight, thus it is vital to avoid excessive exposure to the sun and using sun beds.
Many individuals who suffer from migraines can find relief using pain medications such as ibuprofen and paracetamol that are available without a prescription. If not effective, the doctor might provide a more potent prescription pain medication.
Triptans are pain medications that specifically work for migraines. These medications constrict the blood vessels around the brain, thus reversing the widening of the blood vessels which is believed to cause the migraine.
Medications for nerve pain
Nerve pain is characterized as a burning or shooting sensation. It manifests as an outcome of damage to one or several nerves.
This specific form of pain is essentially managed using a tricyclic antidepressant medication such as amitriptyline or some antiepileptic medications.
Potent opioid pain medications
These strong pain medications are prescribed by the doctor to alleviate moderate to severe pain such as after a surgical procedure, injuries or pain linked with cancer.
Majority of these medications are controlled under special regulations. Remember that these medications can trigger drowsiness and can affect ability to drive safely.