The human parvovirus is considered as a common infectious viral ailment that spreads from one individual to another. The usual cases of parvovirus infection are likely to arise during late winter to early spring.
Once an individual is infected, the virus targets the cells that mature into red blood cells. An infection results to brief cessation of the production of these cells. The production of red blood cells starts again once the immune system generates antibodies that eliminate the virus.
How does it spread?
The human parvovirus is present in the sputum, nasal mucus or saliva. The virus might also spread via airborne droplets if an individual sneezes or coughs. It can also spread via blood or contaminated blood products. Additionally, pregnant women with the infection can pass on the virus to the fetus via the placenta.
What are the signs of parvovirus infection?
The signs that might arise during the initial phases of the infection might include:
- Nasal drainage
- Pinkish or reddened facial rash
- Flu-like symptoms
- Joint pain or swelling
Management of parvovirus infection
The parvovirus is generally self-limiting in which it subsides on its own. Among adults and children in good health, medical treatment is not needed.
The self-care measures typically include:
- Increasing the intake of fluids
- Adequate rest
- Medications such as analgesics and acetaminophen can relieve the symptoms such as fever and headache
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain and joint swelling
Always bear in mind that parvovirus infections can lead to significant complications among those who have weak immune systems or diagnosed with chronic anemia.
Those who are under treatment for cancer, sickle cell disease, leukemia or HIV as well as organ transplant recipients face a higher risk for complications.