The pectoralis major muscle rupture can occur when engaging in powerful activities. Most cases occur during weightlifting, especially during the bench press maneuver. Other possible causes include traumatic injuries and playing certain sports such as football, rugby or wrestling.
What are the indications?
An individual with a pectoralis major muscle rupture usually feels abrupt pain along with a tearing feeling in the chest.
The usual signs include:
- Upper arm and chest pain
- Weakness when pushing the arm in front of the body
- Bruising in the arm and chest
- Pocket formation or dimpling that forms right over the armpit where the injury occurred
Management of a pectoralis major muscle rupture
Surgical intervention is often suggested for a full tear of the pectoralis muscle tendon. An individual who has a partial tear, injury inside the muscle or elderly and individuals with low physical activity level, surgery might be avoided.
The repair of the ruptured tendon will provide a good possibility to the individual to resume high-impact sports and other activities. Generally, the restoration is done early after the injury. If done a few weeks of the injury, the presence of the scar tissue and atrophy of the muscle is reduced. The repair involves the placement of large-sized sutures in the ruptured tendon and securing these to the arm bone with either hollows in the bone or anchors that are inserted into the bone.
Generally, weightlifters must be instructed on how to properly perform the bench press. It is vital to reduce the distance the bar is dropped and limit the hold on the hands on the bar.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on pectoral major muscle rupture is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize the signs and how it is treated, register for a first aid and CPR course with Vancouver First Aid.