It is important to note that belching or burping is considered as a normal physical response that everyone experiences every now and then. Remember that belching is one of the ways in which the body forces out excess air and gases from the intestinal tract. Even though occasional belching is not seen as a threat, excessive belching episodes might indicate digestive issues that would require medical treatment. Proper assessment of the eating style of the individual as well as overall health can be used by the doctor to determine the exact cause of the excessive belching.
Normal belching or burping after a meal is considered normal. On the other hand, if it occurs in a persistent manner, it might be due to an underlying health condition. Once the burping is frequent, it is best to consult a doctor.
Swallowing substantial amounts of air can cause frequent episodes of belching. Individuals who eat quickly, chew gum or drink carbonated beverages using a straw are more likely to burp more frequently than on a regular basis. Even those who smoke are also at risk for excessive belching. All of these can lead to swallowing of excess amounts of air which can cause bloating aside from the burping.
Always bear in mind that indigestion and heartburn can lead to excessive burping. In most cases, heartburn can originate from acid reflux that can be a symptom of peptic ulcer or irritation of the stomach lining after eating spicy foods. Once the acid moves back to the esophagus from the stomach, the individual often swallows frequently as a way to relieve some of the abdominal pain and then burps. The consistent swallowing can cause more air to enter the body which triggers more belching episodes.
Gastroparesis is a condition that can lead to excessive belching. This condition is oftentimes called as delayed gastric emptying where food rests in the stomach for a longer time than it should since the muscles in the stomach are damaged, thus could no longer function optimally. The weakened stomach muscles could not push food to the next stage of the digestive process. The undigested food that stays in the stomach can cause vomiting, nausea and excessive belching.
Management of excessive belching
Individuals who suffer from excessive belching episodes can manage the discomfort by dealing with the underlying conditions. It is recommended to eat at a slow manner to help limit the amount of air swallowed.
Avoid drinking carbonated beverages since this helps reduce the amount of air being ingested. As for heartburn, over-the-counter antacids can be given that work by reducing acid reflux and might even reduce the episodes of belching. In case the over-the-counter medications could not reduce the heartburn and belching, a doctor should be consulted. The doctor will assess the condition to come up with the right diagnosis so that proper treatment can be started to minimize the belching episodes.