Different bone injuries are fairly common occurrences to persons of all ages. Treatment is usually given by following the acronym PRICE to alleviate symptoms and aid in recovery.
Bone injuries are fairly common occurrences to persons of all ages. It can occur from children falling from heights to athletes engaging in different sports and the elderly slipping or tripping.
Common Bone Injuries
With the body actively moving almost at all times, it is not a surprise that bone injuries are very common. However, there are particular bones in the body that are more prone to injury as they are used more often than others. The following are the most commonly injured bones in the body:
- Collarbone or clavicle
- Found between the upper ribcage and the scapula
- Attached the arm to the body
- Common in sports injuries and vehicular accidents, and may also occur during passage through the birth canal
- Consists of three bones: humerus in the upper arm and radius and ulna in the lower arm
- May affect any of the eight bones in the wrist
- Common in physical activities
- May inhibit mobility and quality of life
- Usually occurs in the femur (thigh bone)
- Commonly results from falls and chronic conditions or diseases
- May affect the tibia and fibula of the lower leg or the talus in the foot
Common Types of Bone Injuries
The most common types of bone injuries are fractures, dislocations, and sprains. These injuries may not always be very serious, but they can produce great discomfort.
- Fractures (broken bones)
- A literal break along the width of the bone or along its length
- May also denote the breaking of the bone into several pieces
- Dislocated joint
- Displacement of the bones from its normal position at a joint
- Stretching of the ligaments, with or without tearing
First Aid Management for Bone Injuries
For all cases of bone injuries, the acronym PRICE is recommended to alleviate symptoms and reduce discomfort experienced by an individual.
- Protect the affected area from any more harm. Stop playing if you suspect an injury or experience severe pain.
- Rest the affected bone and avoid doing any more activities. For fractures and dislocated joints, immobilise the affected bone/s.
- Ice the affected area for 15-20 minutes thrice daily. Wrap the ice in a towel or any cloth.
- Compress the affected bone using a compression bandage to limit swelling.
- Elevate the affected area as much as possible also to limit swelling.
Prevention of Bone Injuries
Although bone injuries cannot be completely prevented, following some basic precautions can help avoid bone injuries from occurring. The following tips include:
- When exercising or playing a sport, wear the proper attire and gear.
- Ensure that one’s home is free from hazards that may lead to falls.
- When driving, wear a seat belt. Seat children in safety seats or booster seats, whichever is appropriate for their age.
- Maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet for strong bones.
- Keep the weight in a healthy range.
- Set a regular exercise schedule. Warm up and cool down before and after exercising, respectively.
Disclaimer: This article does not provide medical advice and should not be substituted for formal training. The information given should not be used for self-diagnosis. Seek medical attention when necessary. To learn more about to how to manage bone injuries, enrol in First Aid Courses and CPR Courses with Red Cross Training.