Psoriasis is considered as a long-lasting skin condition characterized by outbreaks of scale-like, thick skin patches that are reddened, inflamed and painful. Various treatment options are available but none specifically deal with the redness. In most cases, the treatment works on eliminating the redness, irritation and scale-like at the same time.
The outbreak of psoriasis generally lasts for 2-4 weeks but for mild to moderate cases, the reddened and inflamed skin patches improve within days after home treatment is started. As for severe cases, the redness from the condition might require prescription-strength medications.
Taking a bath
Encourage the individual to soak in a bath. In most cases, a 15-minute soak in a bath of lukewarm water can reduce the pain linked with inflamed skin and can even lighten the reddened skin.
You can also add colloidal oatmeal, Dead Sea salt or Epsom salt to the water as well as using soaps that contain fats or oils.
Always apply a suitable moisturizer on the skin. Take note that the application is more effective if applied right after a bath. Remember to dab, not rub the skin with a towel after a bath and then apply an ointment-based moisturizer.
You might have to apply the moisturizer frequently during dry and cold weather. When choosing an over-the-counter moisturizer, look for those that contain ingredients such as zinc pyrithione, jojoba and aloe vera. In addition, shortening and cooking oils can also be used instead of the commercial moisturizers.
You can also cover the area where the moisturizer has been applied. This technique is called as occlusion which involves the application on reddened skin and covered overnight with a plastic wrap, waterproof dressing or cotton socks. The next morning, the area is washed off. This technique helps increase the amount of moisturizer absorbed by the skin, thus relieving the redness at a faster rate than simply applying a moisturizer without covering the area.
Phototherapy involves exposing the reddened skin to either artificial UVB light or direct sunlight. Both sources can destroy the surplus T-cells which are white blood cells that uncontrollably grew in numbers which leads to the redness of the affected skin.
The individual should spend short periods of time under the sun but not more than 3-4 times in a week. A sunblock with SPF of at least 15 must be used. As for the artificial UVB rays, they are administered in a clinic.
Phototherapy and over-the-counter creams and ointments can be used as part of the treatment for the redness due to psoriasis. This method can quickly relieve the redness of the skin. In one similar procedure, UVB phototherapy is used along with the topical application of coal tar which is a by-product of petroleum. Take note that coal tar increases the sensitivity of the skin to UVB light which makes the sessions effective.