Any injury to the brain is considered serious especially to the frontal lobe which is responsible several essential speech and cognitive functions. In case of a traumatic event, recovery from a frontal lobe brain injury is conceivable. On the other hand, if you fully understand the nature of the injury and the available treatment options, full recovery is possible.
Proper diagnosis of the brain injury
There are certain tests performed by the doctor in order to fully diagnose the frontal lobe brain injury. You have to consult a doctor if an MRI and CT scan are required. With a CT scan, it involves the creation of cross sectional images of the brain in order to detect blood clots and tissue damage. An MRI is not used during emergency cases since it takes a long time to create a detailed image of the brain.
Symptoms of a frontal lobe brain injury
Depending on the part of the frontal lobe that is damaged and the severity of the injury, there are various possible symptoms.
- Loss of inhibitions
- Speaking problems
- Partial paralysis
- Delay in understanding questions or complex actions
In any first aid course, you can learn what to watch out for in case an individual is suspected with a head injury.
Causes of frontal lobe brain injury
The common cause of damage to the frontal lobe is due to either a mild or major trauma in which the head collides against another object in extreme force. Once an individual suffers a major head injury, the brain actually bangs against the interior walls of the skull in case of accidents.
The damages are usually severe that can lead to the development of mental problems right after an accident. In case the individual sustains a mild head injury, it is categorized as a brief loss of consciousness or loss of memory before and after the injury. The individual often appear unharmed, but later on experiences inexplicable undesirable actions, personality and thought changes. The damage to the frontal lobe can also be due to the lack of oxygen to the brain especially in cases of suffocation or stroke.
Effects of damage to the frontal lobe
Even though it is true that other parts of the brain will compensate for the non-functional parts, areas that are severely damaged often do not recover anymore. Based on studies, once an individual suffers from a severe brain damage particularly children, the effects often are not likely to manifest until several years after.
In some cases, the effects of trauma to the head will continue to progress in severity as time passes. Since the frontal lobe is large in size and comprised of several sections, the effects that the individual can experience is significant.
Measures to hasten the recovery process
Minimize the swelling
Once the frontal lobe is injured, the tissues are likely to swell, thus limiting the flow of blood to the area. The loss of blood will increase the damage to the frontal lobe. The doctor will discuss the monitoring of the inter-cranial pressure to keep track of the swelling and the administration of medications such as diuretics that minimize the swelling through the reduction of fluids.
Therapy for the frontal lobe brain injury
The doctor will refer the individual to a therapist who is experienced with brain injury. Individuals who sustained frontal lobe damage might be required to learn again basic skills such as talking or walking. The therapist will create a plan to help manage any permanent symptoms caused by the brain injury as well.