Retrocalcaneal bursitis occurs if the bursae around the heel is inflamed. Generally, overuse from running, walking or jumping can lead to the condition. In addition, it is prevalent among athletes especially ballet dancers and runners.
What are the indications?
Heel pain is the main sign of the condition. In some cases, pressure on the heel triggers pain.
Other accompanying symptoms include the following:
- Inflammation or swelling around the rear part of the heel region
- Discomfort when leaning back on the heel
- Calf muscle pain when walking or running
- Warm or reddened skin on the back of the heel
- Loss of movement
- Uncomfortable fit when wearing shoes
- Crackling sound when the foot is flexed
Management of retrocalcaneal bursitis
Retrocalcaneal bursitis generally responds to home remedies such as:
- Adequate for the heel and ankle
- Elevation of the feet
- Application of ice around the heel several times throughout the day
- Over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Wearing shoes with slightly elevated heels
Generally, the doctor suggests over-the-counter or customized heel wedges. These fit in the shoe beneath the heel and raise both sides to lessen the strain on the heels.
In case home remedies and inserts fail to work, the doctor provides a steroid shot if safe. Above all, the doctor will encourage the individual to wear a brace or cast if diagnosed with Achilles tendonitis.
Physical therapy can also strengthen the site around the heel and ankle. In rare instances, the doctor performs surgery to remove the bursa if other treatment options fail to work.