Rhinitis involves the inflammation of the nose with symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing episodes, stuffy nose, postnasal drip and itching. This condition can occur in association with soreness of the sinuses or eyes. It is important to note that rhinitis have various causes such as reactions to certain medications, infection, irritation, allergy or exposure to dust.
Avoidance of potential triggers
The avoidance of allergens is difficult for individuals with allergy to substances present in the air such as pollen. Remember that the pollen spores are airborne and capable of travelling for miles.
On the other hand, many can benefit from avoidance particularly animal dander and dust mites while some simple measures such as utilizing an allergen barrier balm that is applied around the nostrils can help prevent the entry of allergens. There are also nasal rinses using a normal saline solution that is used to wash away the allergens. These can be used as frequently as required along with any prescription or over-the-counter medications.
Other useful measures in managing rhinitis
- Closely monitor the pollen forecasts on a daily basis and if possible stay indoors when the count is high (warm, dry days). Rain will wash the pollen from the air, thus the pollen count is lower during cool, wet days.
- The individual should limit time spent in rural areas. Remember that the sea breezes carry the pollen up-country, thus it is best to go to coastal areas instead.
- You can utilize a saline nasal wash to remove pollen and other allergens.
- During days where the pollen count is high, shower and wash the hair after spending time outdoors and change clothes.
- Apply an allergen barrier balm on the edges of each nostril in order to trap or block the entry of pollen and other allergens as well as prevent a reaction. Allergen barriers are readily available as balms or gel sprays. In some cases, even petroleum jelly can be used.
- Always keep the windows closed when staying indoors. This is vital during the early mornings when the pollen are released and in the evening when the air cools and the pollen that have been transported up into the air start to fall to ground level again.
- In case the individual suffers symptoms while indoors, a good filter can help. You have to choose one that is proven to trap even small-sized particles.
- Do not mow the lawn or rake leaves. These tasks should be delegated to another individual. If the individual is required to accomplish these activities, it is recommended to utilize a filter face mask.
- Use wraparound sunglasses while outdoors in order to keep the pollen out of the eyes. A hat with a large brim or peak can prevent pollen as well.
- Do not dry clothes on an outdoor clothes-line when the pollen count is high.
- It is important to note that the pollen count is usually high along roads with grass borders. Always keep the windows closed and make sure that the vehicle used is fitted with an effective pollen filter or install an in-car filter.
- When swimming, always use goggles whether in a pool or in the sea.
- Do not allow pets to get close to the face since they can carry pollen in their fur. You have to wipe the fur with a moist microfiber cloth in order to remove pollen if they have been outdoors.