Rotavirus is a viral infection that can lead to gastroenteritis. This condition involves infection of the intestines that causes symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting.
It is important to note that rotavirus is present in the intestines of an infected individual and can be passed out via diarrhea. It readily spreads through the hands of an infected individual after he/she used the toilet. Even objects and surfaces touched allows the virus to spread. Individuals who are infected are advised not to prepare food for others. Additionally, water that has been contaminated can spread the infection.
It usually takes 48 hours after the initial contact with rotavirus before the symptoms manifest.
What are the indications?
The initial symptoms include the following:
- Watery diarrhea that can range from mild to severe
- Abdominal cramping
The diarrhea can settle in about 3 days but it can last for up to 9 days in some cases. The abdominal cramps usually subside after every episode of diarrhea.
Due to the diarrhea and vomiting triggered by rotavirus, there is also the risk for dehydration. A doctor must be consulted as soon as possible if a child is suspected of being dehydrated.
A severe case of dehydration might be deadly unless rapidly treated since the organs of the body require a certain quantity of fluid to function naturally.