Rubella or German measles is a viral infection. It is generally a mild condition that settles within 7-10 days without requiring treatment.
How does rubella spread?
Rubella is brought about by the togavirus. It spreads in the same manner as the flu or cold via droplets from the nose or throat from an infected individual.
One can become infection if exposed to these droplets, but it might take 2-3 weeks for the signs to manifest. If an individual has rubella, he/she is infectious to others for up to a week before the symptoms arise and for up to 4 days once the rash initially appears.
What are the signs?
- Reddish-pinkish rash comprised of small spots
- Enlarged glands around the neck and head
- Joint pain
- Cold-like symptoms such as runny nose and cough
Generally, the signs of rubella last for only a few days but the glands remain enlarged for several weeks.
When to consult a doctor
See a doctor if rubella is likely. It is best to set an appointment first since arrangements are necessary to lower the risk of spreading the infection to others.
If a woman is pregnant and develops a rash or under exposure to an individual with a rash, consult a doctor right away.
Management of rubella
There is no form of management, but the symptoms typically settle within 7-10 days. In case the symptoms cause discomfort, they can be managed at home while waiting for the infection to settle.
Pain medications can be given for the discomfort and fever. Remember though that aspirin should not be given to children below 16 years old.