Scalded skin syndrome is a bacterial infection that results to skin damage leading to the peeling of the skin which strikingly resembles a 2nd degree burn.
The condition is brought about by the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria which releases a toxin responsible for the skin to peel off. The presence of the toxins causes the skin to weaken and the layers start to peel off easily even with the application of slight pressure.
It typically affects babies and young children below 5 years of age. It is uncommon among adults, but those with immune deficiency, renal failure and other chronic ailments might be at risk. It can even spread from one person to another via close exposure.
What are the signs?
The indications of scalded skin syndrome caused by staphylococcus might include skin changes and fever or a skin condition that weakens progressively such as the following:
- Blisters filled with fluid
- Reddening of the skin
- Peeling of the upper skin layer
- Tenderness and warmth of the skin if pressure is applied.
- Facial edema due to the buildup of excess fluid in the face
- Formation of crust around the skin
- Dehydration due to the loss of fluid from the body caused by the peeling skin
- Scaling and redness of the skin
- Erythromatous rashes or those that are reddened in appearance
- Generalized feeling of tiredness and irritability
Management of scalded skin syndrome
The treatment for scalded skin syndrome is based on the following factors:
- Overall health of the individual
- Seriousness of the condition
- Medical history of the individual
- Tolerance to specific drugs and procedures
The treatment for the condition might include antibiotics which is the mainstay for the infection.
- Due to the resistance of staphylococcus to penicillin, other options are used such as oxacillin, nafcillin, clindamycin and vancomycin.
- Pain medications and other drugs are given to lower the discomfort and fever.
- Intravenous fluids are given to prevent dehydration
- Topical therapy using mupirocin or fusidic acid might be started for skin wounds
- A moist compress can be applied on the skin to relieve the irritation and pain
- Apply a moisturizing ointment to retain moisture on the skin
It is important to note that the healing of the skin might take up to 10 days or longer after treatment is started. In severe cases, hospitalization is required.