Simple partial seizure

A simple partial seizure is a form linked with epilepsy. It is also called as a focal seizure. Nevertheless, this type affects only one region of the brain. It does not result to loss of consciousness and an episode is quick, usually lasting only 1-2 minutes.

Characteristics

The signs of a simple partial seizure are usually subtle while some of the external signs might arise and seen by someone observing. Generally, the signs are not always present since every seizure and individual is different.

Some of the external signs might include:

  • Crying or laughing for no reason
  • Abrupt change in emotions without a cause
  • Spasm or jerking of a single body part, usually the arm or leg
  • Lastly, difficulty speaking or done in a non-sensible manner occurs

In addition, the individual will not lose consciousness or awareness of the surroundings. Most of the signs linked with a simple partial seizure are internal and can be perceived by the individual with the seizure such as:

  • Changes in how something feels, tastes, sounds or looks
  • Smelling an odd scent
    Simple partial seizure

    The triggers might vary for every individual. It is suggested to determine the potential triggers by noting it down before a seizure occurs.

  • Distorted vision of items in the surroundings
  • Dizziness
  • Goosebumps
  • Tingling sensation in the legs or arms
  • Sensation of having “butterflies” in the stomach
  • Seeing flashing lights
  • Feeling of “de ja vu”
  • Feeling extremely happy or afraid abruptly for no reason

What are the causes?

Overall, the triggers might vary for every individual. It is suggested to determine the potential triggers by noting it down before a seizure occurs.

Stress is a usual trigger along with the following:

  • Dehydration
  • Fever
  • Irregular use of antiseizure drugs
  • Fatigue
  • Caffeine
  • Infection
  • Alcohol
  • Other drugs such as pain medications and antibiotics
  • Flashing lights
  • Start of the menstrual cycle

Management of a simple partial seizure

If an individual is experiencing a simple partial seizure, perform several steps. In most cases, an episode is a caution since a serious seizure is about to arise.

At first, assist the individual to a safe position to sit or lie down. It must be away from any objects that can cause harm.

An individual with this type of seizure is usually aware and can act, speak or function, thus it is best to ask him/her how you can help or what they need.

Long-term care

Generally, the treatment for this type varies for every individual. Furthermore, it is based on the frequency of the episodes, seriousness of the symptoms and other factors. The doctor might suggest the following:

  • Anti-seizure drugs
  • Brain surgery
  • Devices that utilize low-level electrical charges

FACT CHECK

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/neurology_neurosurgery/centers_clinics/epilepsy/seizures/types/simple-partial-seizures.html

https://www.epilepsy.com/learn/types-seizures/focal-onset-aware-seizures-aka-simple-partial-seizures

https://www.healthline.com/health/simple-partial-seizure

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