Simple Steps to CPR – Guidelines for 2012

The steps to performing effective CPR are incredibly easy and straight forward. Most individuals that register with us learn these basic CPR steps, listed below, within 3 hours. That includes significant time attempting these steps with hands on training.

Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not too difficult. Over 95% of individuals enrolled with us complete the course without any difficulty and get certification. Each certificate is good for 36 months and is valid across Canada. Refresher training courses are available for almost all awards.  Get your first aid or CPR certificate by clicking here.

This page will review the steps needed for competent CPR. The CPR tactics posted underneath are for review needs only. In order to learn effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) take a class through Vancouver First Aid Ltd.

Listed here are the approaches you should take if you discover someone lying unconscious (non reactive) on the ground.

Step 1: Check the Scene

It is imperative that you check the environment. You obviously do not want to harm yourself so you want to be aware of any dangers that can hurt you. Consider electronic wires, examine the floor and also be aware regarding any gassy smells. If you ever are suspicious of any serious risks get away from the environment and contact emergency medical services (EMS) promptly. If you cannot find any kind of potential risks start working on the next phase.

Step 2: Ask the patient if he or she is OK

Be sure to ask the patient if he / she is ok. Does the subject hear you? After they respond and everything is alright then great! If she or he don’t answer softly press on the shoulder to make certain they are not hard of hearing or deaf. If you do not obtain an answer carry on to the next step.

Step 3: Open the Patient’s Airway

Open up the patient’s airway simply by carefully slanting the subject’s head back along with your hand on the head and a couple fingers (using the other hand) under the jaw line. You have to be kneeling next to the patient’s upper body in order to do this.

Step 4: Check for any Breathing / Respirations

Put your ears near the patient’s mouth / nose (approximately two to three inches away from the mouth) and listen closely for any respiration. At the same time watch the individual’s stomach to find out if it’s rising or falling. This is what’s called the “listen, feel and look” procedure. In this part you are checking for respiration. You do not want to evaluate breathing for over 10 seconds. The Red Cross defines this as the “check” portion of the “check, call, care” system.

Step 5: Send a Bystander to Contact EMS

Using these details about the victim’s age, breathing and level of consciousness make a bystander phone 9-1-1. Always be clear and authoritative whenever telling someone to phone emergency medical services as well as make sure they know to return after they have done it. You need the bystander to return so that you know they have completed the call. Let them know the rough age of the subject and whether or not they are breathing. Explain to your bystander to additionally get an automated external defibrillator (AED).

Step 6: Begin Chest Compressions if Necessary

If the individual is breathing continue to watch the respirations right until emergency medical services comes. In case the patient is not actually respiring uncover the chest and set 2 palms, one over the other, and start compressions. You want to do these compressions above the center of the subjects chest area and press the chest about 1/3 the depth towards the floor. The actual beat must be at the very least one hundred compressions each minute. Cease as soon as you reach 30 compressions.

Step 7: Assisted Ventilations (using a pocket mask if available)

If you have a barrier device (pocket mask) utilise it for this next step. Close / plug the patient’s nostrils and ventilate via the mouth with not one but two thorough ventilations. Get a full seal with the mouth and observe the

CPR Barrier Device - Key-chain Pocket Mask

Ask the instructor at Vancouver First Aid for a key-chain pocket mask. This provides good protection for providing artificial respirations to a victim.

chest area or stomach rise when exhaling. Once you notice the torso rise / grow that is adequate air.

Step 8: 30 Chest Compressions for every 2 Breaths

Continue with delivering thirty compressions for every two ventilations up until the time EMS gets there, the patient revives, an AED is delivered, the room is dangerous or if you are too tired to continue.

For more information or to find out the easiest way to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) enrol in a first aid and / or CPR lesson such as CPR level “A”, “C” or “HCP”. Enrolling with Vancouver First Aid ensures you get high quality instruction, low prices, excellent teachers and valid Red Cross certifications.