Sore throat

Sore throat is a common symptom that ranges in seriousness from minimal scratchiness to significant pain. The condition is brought about by irritation of the throat. It is important to note that a sore throat might be an initial sign of various ailments such as the flu or common cold. Oftentimes, it might be a sign of a serious condition such as mononucleosis.

Other possible causes of sore throat include:

  • Exposure to dry air
  • Hay fever
  • Swallowing sharp foods that can damage the throat lining
  • Cigarette smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Heartburn
    Sore throat

    Raw sensation in the throat that makes swallowing, breathing or soreness while speaking.

  • Postnasal drip

What are the signs?

The usual signs might include the following:

  • Fever
  • Raw sensation in the throat that makes swallowing, breathing or soreness while speaking
  • Redness of the throat
  • Hoarseness
  • Drainage of pus in the throat
  • Earache
  • Enlarged, sore lymph nodes in the neck

Management of sore throat

Generally, there is no specific treatment needed for sore throat due to a virus. In such cases, the throat often gets better on its own within 5-7 days.

If acute pharyngitis is caused by bacteria, an antibiotic is generally given. The individual will start to feel better after taking the drug for 2-3 days. The prescribed course must be completed to ensure that the sore throat will not return.

Other self-care measures for sore throat include:

  • Avoiding or cessation of smoking
  • Adequate rest
  • Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke and other air pollutants
  • Utilize a cool mist humidifier for additional moisture to the air
  • Rest the throat by minimizing talking and eat a diet that is mainly comprised of liquid or soft foods for 1-2 days. Avoid spicy or salty foods as well as citrus fruits.
  • Over-the-counter throat lozenges as well as a mouthwash can be used to lessen the soreness.
  • An over-the-counter pain medication can be given to ease the generalized pain.

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