A foot splint is used if an individual sustained a foot injury. You can easily create a splint at home that can immobilize the foot while the individual is taken to the nearest healthcare facility.
Assessment of the foot injury
Before immobilizing the foot, it is vital to assess and determine the extent of the injury. The vital factors during an assessment include:
- Blood circulation – this involves checking the temperature of the foot and comparing with the uninjured foot. If it is cooler, it might be an indication of a circulatory issue.
- Sensation – touch the toe and ask the individual to identify the toe touched. Note down if there is tingling or numbness
- Movement – instruct the individual to wiggle his/her toes
- Bruising – indicates the presence of an injury
Creating a temporary foot splint
One of the suitable materials to use as a temporary foot splint during emergencies is cardboard.
Make sure that it is long enough to come at least halfway to the calf. It should also be wide enough so that it can be folded around the foot.
Padding for the splint
Once the cardboard framework is created, apply a towel to serve as padding to reinforce the foot. The padding also ensures that the foot splint snugly fits, and the foot is less able to move around.
Positioning and securing the splint
The foot splint must be positioned in which the center is directly beneath the rear of the leg and foot. Any spaces on the sides must be filled with a rolled-up towel so that the foot and ankle are fully immobilized and supported.
The cardboard frame must be secured using tape. Place as many strips needed to keep the foot splint secure.
Application of cold
Apply an ice pack on the site of injury to lessen the swelling and pain. Make sure that a layer of cloth or towel is placed before the pack is applied.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on a foot splint is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to prepare a foot splint, register for a first aid and CPR course with Vancouver First Aid.