Spongiotic dermatitis is the buildup of fluid in the epidermis. This results to swelling amidst the cells in the skin. Consequently, the condition often manifests as reddened, itchy areas that can form on any part of the body either in a single site or widespread.
What are the possible causes?
Spongiotic dermatitis might be a feature of atopic dermatitis, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis or other allergic skin conditions.
Some of the causes include the following:
- Allergic reactions to food or certain medications
- Fungal infection
- Exposure to objects that trigger irritation such as metals in jewelry, chemicals or cosmetics
- Hormonal level changes
- Changes in the temperate or weather conditions
What are the indications?
Generally, the usual signs of the condition include:
- Coin-shaped rashes
- Scale-like patches of irritated skin
- Reddened skin
- Skin lesions
- Persistent dandruff
- Drainage and infection after the affected site are scratched
Management of spongiotic dermatitis
Generally, the treatment for spongiotic dermatitis is based on the cause and symptoms. The doctor might suggest a combination of drugs and home measures to alleviate the symptoms and deal with the root cause.
If the individual has eczema, the following are suggested:
- At first, apply a corticosteroid cream on the site
- Apply a thick cream liberally on the skin daily
- Bleach baths
- Add probiotics to the diet
- In addition, the doctor provides a calcineurin inhibitor cream
- Lastly, relaxation techniques if stress is aggravating eczema
In case the individual has seborrheic dermatitis that often affects the back, face and chest, the doctor suggests:
- At first, was the hair
- Use shampoos that contain selenium, ketoconazole or zinc pyrithione
- Lastly, use topical steroids to control the flares