A sprained ankle generally occurs after abrupt twisting or sideway foot movement. A sprain can develop if engaging in sport events or during daily activities. In some cases, it requires a clumsy step or a jagged terrain to cause the injury.
In most instances, an individual ends up with a sprained ankle when landing from jumping or running on uneven surfaces.
What are the indications?
The usual signs of a sprained ankle include the following:
- Swollen ankle joint
- Ankle pain
- Bruising around the joint, oftentimes radiating into the foot and toes
- Difficulty flexing the ankle upwards or downwards
- Discomfort or achiness when attempting to walk
The seriousness of the symptoms is likely to correlate with the extent of damage to the ligaments.
When to consult a doctor
If the individual has serious damage after sustaining a sprained ankle, it is vital to seek medical care. The signs that requires further assessment include:
- Evident swelling
- Difficulty walking on the ankle
- Foot pain or above the ankle
- Symptoms that do not settle quickly or continue for a few days
Even though moderate pain and swelling are the usual signs that manifest after a simple case of a sprained ankle, other signs such as pain directly on the bone or inability to place any weight might be an issue of concern. If the injury is more than a sprain, it is vital to seek medical care.
Management of a sprained ankle
The treatment for a sprained ankle is vital because being able to resume normal activities is important for many individuals. The treatment is started with the RICE method but must quickly progress to the rehabilitation phase that involves strengthening.
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on a sprained ankle is for learning purposes only. Learn to properly manage the injury by taking a standard first aid course with Vancouver First Aid.