The staphylococcus is a group of bacteria that include various species. Always bear in mind that bacteria are capable of triggering a variety of diseases that range from minor to life-threatening. There are about 30 forms of staph that affect the skin including the mucosal membranes such as in the throat and nose. The usual cases of staph infections are activated by staphylococcus aureus. Any cuts or breaks in the skin will allow the bacteria to pass in the body and go all the way to the organs where more damage occurs.
The usual symptom of a staph infection is a boil which is a collection of pus, swelling and redness. This often develops at the groin or armpits and can break and even drain pus and blood.
The progression can lead to crusting or impetigo as well as cellulitis or inflammation of the connective tissue under the skin. When it comes to impetigo, it is quite common among children and infants. This is usually comprised of blisters that drain pus or other liquid along with an exterior yellow-tinged crust. In addition, the sores usually form around the mouth and nose.
Cellulitis often develops on the legs and feet of elderly. In some cases, scalded skin syndrome can develop but this is considered rare and affects infants. This condition is characterized by rashes, blisters and fever. Once the blisters burst, the skin below appears burned and reddened in appearance.
What are the severe symptoms?
Scalded skin syndrome usually occurs in children below 5 years old. The bacteria generate an exotoxin, usually a protein that damages the structures that keep the various skin layers intact. Blisters form and the skin sloughs off. This tends to occur over large areas in the body and can be life-threatening. Oftentimes, this infection can occur in the healthcare setting if unsanitary procedures are used. It is vital to manage scalded skin syndrome with administration of intravenous antibiotics as well as prevent the skin from being dehydrated.
One of the common severe symptoms from staph infection in which the bacteria travels via the bloodstream and reaches the heart is endocarditis.
Septic arthritis can also be caused the staph bacteria once they enter the joints. The symptoms of this type of arthritis include fever, pain, joint swelling and chills.
When it comes to toxic-shock syndrome, it is usually linked to wounds, tampon use and surgical procedures. This is a life-threatening condition that is connected to the use of certain tampons as well as surgery and wounds in some cases. The symptoms include fever along with indications of shock such as vomiting, nausea, seizures, headache, rash, low blood pressure and muscle aches. Remember that this condition can be deadly in just a matter of days.
MRSA or methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus is a strain that is highly resistant to various antibiotics and can be deadly. Most cases of MRSA infections occur in healthcare settings such as nursing homes and hospitals.
Individuals who are very young and old or have compromised immune systems are at high risk. The symptoms include small-sized reddish bumps that strikingly resemble spider bites or pimples. These eventually turn into deep and sore abscesses that often require surgical drainage. Oftentimes, the bacteria can penetrate the skin and cause infections in the joints, bones, blood, organs and surgical wounds that can be life-threatening.