A stye or chalazion develops once an oil gland in the lower or upper eyelid becomes inflamed or infected. This growth can manifest close to the eyelashes or on any part of the eyelid.
A small-sized stye typically heals without requiring any form of treatment, often within a few weeks. Nevertheless, some cases such as those that involve fully clogged oil glands can become swollen and turn the affected area bright red in appearance. These blocked glands can trigger pain and irritation to the eyelid and might even push against the eye surface. If a stye does not subside or improve on its own, it might require treatment. There are also some remedies that can performed to help resolve the condition.
Application of heat
You can apply heat on a stye to minimize the irritation and swelling. All you have to do is immerse a cloth or towel in warm water and wring out the excess before applying on the sore area.
The warm compress must be allowed to stay on the stye for approximately 10 minutes. If this measure is repeated at least 4 times throughout the day, it often shrinks in size. In case heat is effective, repeat the applications over a few days to relieve the symptoms entirely.
Cases that do not respond to heat application might require medications. Since a stye usually develops due to an infected oil gland, some cases respond to an antibiotic ointment that is applied on the exterior of the eyelid.
Nevertheless, in most cases, this could not provide quick remedy to the irritation and swelling. The doctor might prescribe an antibiotic eye drop to minimize the swelling and inflammation. Similar with the ointments, it might take time for the stye to fully resolve. In addition, many doctors who prescribe antibiotics will also advise the repeated use of warm compresses.
In case a stye continues to grow in size and trigger further irritation and commonly used treatment options fail, the doctor might be required to drain the stye. This procedure is usually performed in the clinic or office and only lasts for a few minutes.
The doctor administers a numbing medication which is similar to those used by dentists to numb the area surrounding the eye. A small incision is made over the stye and the infected oil gland is cleaned. After the procedure, expect extra swelling and slight bruising of the eye area, but this eventually heals after a few days.