A subdural hematoma develops if blood accumulates in the surface of the brain beneath the skull. This condition is dangerous and usually stem from head injuries.
Generally, the condition can be categorized as acute or chronic. An acute case is usually due to a severe head injury. A chronic case might arise due to a minor head injury.
What are the indications?
An acute subdural hematoma can trigger evident symptoms. Nevertheless, those with the chronic form might have no symptoms at all.
The usual symptoms include the following:
- Slurred speech
- Severe headaches
- Visual issues
- Loss of consciousness or coma
See a doctor if any of these are present.
Management of subdural hematoma
An acute case is requires treatment in a healthcare facility. The doctor performs craniotomy to get rid of a large hematoma. This is a life-saving procedure but has its risks.
For chronic cases, the doctor uses a burr hole for drainage as well as for acute cases smaller than 1 centimeter.
The doctor prescribes anti-seizure medications to treat or prevent seizures brought about by the subdural hematoma. Some drugs might also be given to manage the brain injury. In addition, take corticosteroids lessen the brain inflammation in some cases.
What is the outlook?
Remember though that seizures can still occur after recovering from a subdural hematoma and even if it has been removed.
Generally, the outlook for recovery is based on the type of brain injury and its location. The doctor will come up with a suitable treatment and recovery plan.