Swollen finger joints can be caused by injury to the joint or commonly due to arthritis. The pain and swelling can be lessened and prevented with home remedies, over-the-counter drugs and physical therapy.
The swelling has various causes. It is important to note that all the finger joints are coated with synovium which lines the joints to allow proper functioning. If rheumatoid arthritis develops, the synovium becomes swollen which causes the blood to flow to the joint to deal with the inflammation. The second root is excess production of synovial fluid which covers and shields the joint, thus resulting to inflammation.
The initial indication of swollen finger joints include:
- Pain or discomfort
It is important to note that the warmth is brought about by the circulation that works to allow recuperation of the root of the swelling and deal with any infection. This discomfort is intense upon waking and improves with movement.
Management of swollen finger joints
The treatment for swollen finger joints is to lessen the swelling to reduce the pain. Depending on the pain and severity of the swelling, the treatments that might be suggested includes medications, home treatments, exercise and physical therapy.
A balanced diet is vital in helping the immune system since certain forms of arthritis might cause appetite loss. The application of either heat or cold on the joint can lessen the pain.
Exercise can help improve the range of motion as well as augment the production of synovial fluid that moves within the joint. Over-the-counter medications can help reduce the pain but will not lessen the inflammation. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be given to lower the swelling.