The formation of blood clots in the legs is also known as thrombophlebitis, phlebitis or venous thrombosis and can lead to life-threatening complications if not treated as soon as possible. Even though any individual can develop a blood clot in the leg, those who sit for long periods of time, those who smoke, obese and just recently gave birth or utilizes birth control pills are at higher risk. It is important that you are familiar with the symptoms of a blood clot in the leg.
The individual can experience pain in the area where the blood clot is located. If the blood clot in the leg is not treated and starts to enlarge in size, the individual will experience persistent pain even while at rest. Those with leg pain that abruptly becomes intense or does not disappear even after a few days must seek emergency care so that proper evaluation can be carried out since there is a risk for deep vein thrombosis.
Always remember that a blood clot in the leg can also lead to staphylococcal infection in the affected leg. The indications of an infection due to a blood clot include inflammation, fever and edema of the surrounding area close to the clot. These infections can be remedied with pain relievers that are recommended by a doctor. The antibiotics are given in order to eliminate the infection.
Changes in the skin
In most cases, the affected leg feels warm to the touch in the area surrounding the vein with the clot. The skin will appear red in color around the location of the blood clot in the leg. In case the clot is situated in a vein that is close to the skin, the surface of the skin will appear rippled or lumpy.
The individual will also experience abrupt muscle cramps in the leg muscles. Engaging in exercise and other strenuous physical activities will become difficult for those who have a blood clot in the leg due to the cramping of the muscles. These cramps can be severe particularly in cases where the blood clot is situated in a deep vein.
Once there is a blood clot in the leg, it can result to the development of swelling around the area where the clot is located. Always bear in mind that the swelling will intensify over a span of a few days and the area can appear as a large-sized bulge that can grow up to the size of a golf ball. The swelling will worsen among those who spend extended periods of standing or sitting in a single position.
The individual will start to feel physically weak and could not withstand walking even short distances. If the blood clot in the leg disrupts or blocks the flow of blood to the muscle, the affected muscle might end up permanently damaged. Understandably, this can lead to lasting or even permanent weakness and stamina loss.