Thrush is a form of yeast infection of the mouth. The yeast responsible for thrush is the candida fungus. It is present on the body surface and within the mouth. It does not typically cause any issues since normal bacteria prevents it from excessively multiplying. Once the number of bacteria lowers, the yeast might grow in large amounts.
What are the indications?
Thrush is generally seen as white patches in the mouth and the tongue. These sites may or might not be sore. Oftentimes, the white patches can be rubbed off, leaving behind reddened areas that are tender.
In some cases, the corners of the mouth become red and sore. The infected sections might burn or sting if acidic or hot foods are eaten. In severe cases, it is difficult to eat and swallow.
Management of thrush
It is important to note that thrush often flares up and settles on its own. In mild cases, it is managed by gently scraping the white patches from the mouth using a cotton swab. This eliminates the yeast and enables the “good” bacteria to thrive. This allows the return of the normal balance of bacteria and fungus.
Antifungal medications might be prescribed by the doctor. The drug is taken in liquid form which is swished around the mouth and swallowed or taken in oral form.
If an individual develops thrush often due to another chronic ailment, the doctor might suggest medications to be taken daily to prevent it from coming back.
Generally, the individual should feel better 2-3 days after medications are started but expect some redness or tenderness to remain in the mouth. It is vital to take the medications as prescribed, even if the infection appears to be gone.