Toe numbness: What are the possible causes?

Toe numbness is an indication that arises if the sensation in the toes are affected. The effects might be the absence of sensation or tingling and/or burning sensation.

In most cases, toe numbness is a brief symptom or can also be a chronic one in some individuals. A chronic case is an issue of concern since it affects walking and can result to injuries. Take note that it is rare for toe numbness to be considered as a medical emergency.

Indications

Toe numbness is an anomalous sensation in the toes that frequently diminishes the ability of the individual to sense the ground or the toe themselves. There is also a tingling sensation up the leg or the toes as the sensation returns.

The numbness can also trigger a pins-and-needles sensation in the toes. This can affect only one foot or in both feet depending on its cause.

Possible causes of toe numbness

toe-numbness

Toe numbness is an anomalous sensation in the toes that frequently diminishes the ability of the individual to sense the ground or the toe themselves.

Various conditions can lead to toe numbness such as:

  • Frostbite
  • Alcoholism
  • Herniated disc
  • Diabetes and diabetic neuropathy
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Charcot-Mari-Tooth disease
  • Sciatica
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Shingles
  • Raynaud’s disease
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Vasculitis

Management

The treatment for toe numbness is based on the underlying cause. Certain medications and treatment measures are prescribed by the doctor to ensure that the blood sugar is within the normal levels if diabetic neuropathy is the cause. In addition, increasing the level of physical activity and close monitoring of the diet can also help.

The doctor might also prescribe pain medications such as:

  • Opioids
  • Antidepressants and anticonvulsants for diabetic nerve pain
  • Tricyclic antidepressants

Individuals suffering from chronic toe numbness must undergo regular foot assessments to check for any wounds and the circulation. In such cases, proper foot hygiene must be observed such as:

  • Trimming the toenails straight
  • Wear properly-fitting shoes that allow the toes to move
  • Check the feet daily for any wounds or cuts at the base of the feet
  • Wear soft, thick socks that provide support and cushion to the feet
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