Toenail trauma such as subungual hematoma occurs if the individuals stubs the toe on hard surfaces or a heavy object drops on the feet. This results to the formation of a subungual hematoma where blood is trapped under the toenail. This provides the affected toe a reddened, black or purplish discoloration.
A subungual hematoma is typically due to blunt trauma from a heavy object or constant friction from rubbing against the shoe.
Those who engage in prolonged running or walking are susceptible to a subungual hematoma due to increased shoe friction.
What are the signs of a subungual hematoma?
Generally, a subungual hematoma can vary from a small spot beneath the nail to a wide area of discoloration. Depending on the amount of blood under the nail, it might come loose. In some cases, the nail remains intact and blood fades as the nail grows.
In case the subungual hematoma is large and triggers pain, medical care is necessary to lessen the pressure under the nail.
When to consult a doctor
If these signs are present, see a doctor:
- If the toenail prone to blunt trauma
- Drainage from under the toenail
- Trauma to the nail results to significant pain, swelling or redness of the toe
- Loose nail
- Presence of underlying conditions such as diabetes, neuropathy, peripheral arterial disease or those that affect circulation or healing
- Lastly, discoloration appears as a linear streak or stripe throughout the length of the nail
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on a subungual hematoma is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize the signs and how it is managed, register for a first aid and CPR course with Vancouver First Aid.