Vancouver First Aid Ltd.
Introduction / Key Topics.
Separate the class into four groups. Each group will take a flip chart and a writing tool (felt). Each group will present the topic any way they want (skit, etc.). Groups will brainstorm without books for first 5 minutes and then will open books and write components from book for 5 – 10 minutes. Presentation will last approximately 2 minutes. Topics for groups are as follows.
Group 1: What is the Red Cross? History?
Make sure groups cover history and the key statements of Red Cross (Impartiality, humanity, etc.). Go over Red Symbol as well.
Group 2: When to call forEMS?
Make sure people know the difference between emergencies and non-emergencies.
Group 3: What are concerns with doing CPR?
Make sure group covers:
- -Good Samaritan Act?
- -Disease control (cover hand washing, cleaning clothes after, etc.)
- -Protective Equipment.
Group 4: What to do to be prepared for an Emergency:
- -How to cope with Traumatic Events.
- -First Aid Kits.
- -Become a First Aider.
Group 5. Anatomy.
-Connection between brain, heart and lungs.
-make sure they understand the role of oxygen and that the airway goes from the nose and mouth to the lungs.
Check Call Care:
Show Video on Check Call Care. Follow up on with any questions and a demo, describe do of Check Call Care.
- Check the scene – Dangers? How to deal with the dangers. (page 74)
- Check the Person – Pinch & Shout
Call for help – Send somebody
- Check for ABC’s without moving the person.
- Treat any life threatening emergencies immediately. These are the ABC’s.
- Treat for Shock if non are present.
Demo, Describe, Do.
Play video on Choking.
- Choking is a common respiratory emergency especially for babies in children
- Can be mechanical (foreign objects) or anatomical (tongue or swollen tissues of mouth and throat).
- A person who is choking severely cannot speak, breathe or cough.
- A common sign of choking is grasping the throat with one or both hands.
Enjoy your food!
Cut food to appropriate sizes.
Make sure children sit when eating.
Objects such as rocks, toys, buttons and coins often cause choking in children.
Adults and children often go into a washroom or quiet area if they have something stuck in their throat because they are embarrassed to cough in public.
J-Thrust and Back Blows
– Make sure the person seeks medical attention for follow up after.
Unconscious Obstructed Video.
If witnessed. 911. Chest compressions.
Include the teaching games. (one at a time in a circle)
Them teaching each other.
Difference Between Adult and Child.
First Aid for CPR – A
- Divide class into four different groups.
- Alternate 4 flipcharts with Heart Attack, Angina, T.I.A, Stroke.
- 2 minutes per flipchart and then rotate.
- Flipchart will have What is it? Causes? Signs and Symptoms? Treatment?
- Have them present topics with a skit when they finished filling out flipchart.
Show Video on the four topics with the must see’s.
- Infant CPR.
- Have them teach each other.
- Pediatric pads
- Protective equipment.
Breathing Emergencies Video on:
- It is a condition that happens when someone breathes faster than normal
- Rapid breathing upsets the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
- Caused by Fear and Anxiety
- Can also be caused by:
- -Injuries to the head.
- -Severe Bleeding
- -Some illnesses
Main sign is shallow, rapid breathing. Some people may also say that they feel dizzy or that their lips, fingers and toes feel numb or tingly.
- Asthma is a condition that narrows the air passages, which makes it difficult to breathe.
- It is more common in children than in adults.
- It is commonly triggered by:
- Reactions to air quality, pollen, food, a drug or an insect sting
- Emotional stress
- Physical activity
- Asthma attacks can usually be controlled by medication.
- The main symptom of asthma is wheezing during exhalation
- Asthma is often treated with prescribed medication
Prevent Asthma by:
- Know what causes an attack and minimize contact if possible.
- Stay away from smoking or smoky environments, which can cause asthma attacks.
- Have your medication nearby in case of an attack.
Treatment for Respiratory Distress:
- You do not need to know the specific cause of the Respiratory Distress to provide care.
- Help the person get comfortable.
- If the room is hot and stuffy, open a window. Reducing heat and humidity often help.
- Move the person away from any smoky environment.
- Make sure the person rests.
- Reassure the person and try to calm the person down.
- Call 9-1-1 if the situation worsens or tell them to take any prescribed medication (i.e. inhaler)