It is a known fact that minor scrapes and cuts will always be part of our lives. With this in mind, providing proper first aid care when a family member or friend is wounded can help prevent infections from developing as well as minimizing the risk of scarring.
Most cases of skin wounds can be managed at home and do not entail a trip to a doctor or emergency department at the nearest hospital. If the individual sustains a scrape or cut on the shin, you can provide first aid care right away to achieve the best results during the healing process. By enrolling in a first aid course today, you will learn how to properly handle this type of wound.
Steps when managing a shin wound
- Initially, you have to apply pressure using a clean cloth or bandage if the shin wound is heavily bleeding. Minor scrapes and cuts do not usually require this step since the bleeding is minimal.
- Make sure that you will wash your hands using water and soap before taking care of the wound. In doing so, the exposure of the wound to dirt and microorganisms is reduced.
- Using water and soap, carefully cleanse the shin wound to remove any debris or dirt within or the area surrounding the wound.
- Apply an antibacterial ointment on the shin wound in order to prevent infection from developing. Take note that you simply need to apply a thin layer of the ointment. This is enough to protect the wound against infection.
- Cover the wound using a bandage. Make sure that you will use a bandage that is big enough that it will not stick to the actual wound, but also covering the skin surrounding the wound.
- Make sure that the shin wound is cleaned and properly dried on a daily basis and apply a new bandage. Change the dressing or bandage every time it gets wet or dirty.
- Observe the wound for any signs of infection. In case the wound is red, draining or swollen or if the pain increases, it is best to seek medical care.
Important considerations to bear in mind
Do not blow or breathe into an open shin wound since this will introduce bacteria that can cause an infection.
When it comes to severe wounds or cuts, these would require stitches or medical care. If the cut is bigger than a ½ inch long, deeper than ½ inch or the bleeding could not be controlled after the application of pressure for 10 minutes, you have to consult a doctor or bring the individual to the emergency department at the nearest hospital. Additionally, shin wounds that have dirt embedded within them should be carefully assessed by a doctor.
It is important to seek medical attention if the shin wound was caused by a rusty nail, hook or other object as well as an animal.