During the summer season, mosquitoes also go along with the warmth at the time of this season. Mosquitos usually fly close to water between sunset and dawn. The female mosquitoes require blood for the eggs in order to live on and humans are always the likely targets. Always bear in mind that mosquitoes are usually the carriers of blood-borne conditions that includes yellow fever, dengue fever, malaria, West Nile virus and encephalitis. With this in mind, using a good mosquito repellant that contains DEET must be used before going outdoors especially during early morning or evening when the mosquitoes start to feed. Oftentimes, a mosquito bite can become bothersome that an individual ends up scratching consciously or unconsciously during sleep until it becomes infected. Take note that infected mosquito bites must be treated right away.
It is also important to note that there are certain areas where mosquitoes that carry blood-borne diseases are rampant. With this in mind, it is important to consult a doctor for the recommended vaccinations before spending vacation on these areas.
First aid care for infected mosquito bites
Taking care of an infected mosquito bite can be easily done at home without requiring any specialized medical skills.
- Wash the infected mosquito bite carefully using soap and water and pat it dry with a clean paper towel. Even though the individual might be forced to scratch the bite, instruct him/her not to do so since fingernails harbor different kinds of bacteria and can lead to a secondary infection if a break on the skin due to scratching occurs.
- Apply a thin layer of triple antibiotic cream or ointment to the infected mosquito bite. Cover it with a Band-Aid to prevent any contact with the sore area.
- Provide the individual with an antihistamine to minimize the itchiness as well as reduce the redness or welts, especially at night when unconscious scratching of the mosquito bite can occur. You can also apply Caladryl once the infected bite starts to heal in order to relieve the itchiness and minimize the swelling.
With the help of these first aid care measures, you can easily handle an infected mosquito bite in order to promote the healing as well as minimize the scarring.
How to prevent mosquito bites
There are various ways in order to prevent mosquito bites. Since mosquitoes usually go out to feed early in the morning or during the evenings, it is best to spend less time outdoors during these periods to prevent getting bites. Another preventive measure is to use any mosquito repellant that contains DEET to prevent mosquitoes from biting.
It is also best to wear pants or long-sleeved shirts if you have to go outside early in the morning or evening. These can help avoid any potential mosquito bites. In case an individual gets bitten by a mosquito, always emphasize not to scratch the affected area. In doing so, it will not become infected.