If an individual has rhinitis, the typically symptoms include watery discharge from the nose, itchy nose, red eyes, clogged nose and sneezing episodes. Rhinitis is a condition that involves the inflammation of the mucous membranes in the nose.
Antihistamines are the well-known type of allergy medication and readily available in drug stores or pharmacies without a prescription. Nevertheless, there are various types of antihistamines and some have been used for many years. Some were improved and new antihistamines are developed all the time.
Even though antihistamines are known to make an individual drowsy, the modern varieties only occasionally cause these side effects. During an allergic reaction, the immune system generates histamine that starts the allergy symptoms. The histamine can lead to the narrowing of the airways and widening of the blood vessels, resulting to swelling in which fluid leaks into the surrounding tissue.
Nasal sprays are utilized to deliver antihistamines and steroids right into the nasal passages though both are not generally used in children below 4 years old. The nasal antihistamines minimize itchiness and sneezing while steroids are used to manage the inflammation in the nasal lining and relieve the eye symptoms.
Essentially, the doctor will not recommend decongestant nasal sprays since these can actually worsen the symptoms if used more than a few times in a day.
How to use nasal sprays
- Sprays should be utilized on a daily basis to manage the symptoms. Remember that lack of symptoms simply indicates that the treatment is working and should be continued.
- Take note that training is vital since the steroid sprays needs to reach and stay in a particular part of the nose so that it will be effective. Once used properly and routinely, these sprays are highly effective in children.
- When using nasal sprays, the child should lean forward so that the nozzle is positioned gently within each nostril, aiming towards the exterior wall. The spray should strike the nasal lining in order to be effective. Instruct the child not to sniff right after the spray is given.
Eye drops are useful if the eye symptoms are one of the main symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Just like with nasal sprays, the eye drops work best if used regularly and started before the symptoms manifest. Several eye drops usually include cromoglicate which is responsible for blocking the responses of the cells that generate histamine during an allergic response.
How to use eye drops
- Position the child lying down and gently pull down the lower lid when administering the eye drops.
- Young children might require wrapping such as a towel to prevent movement and then place him/her on your lap.
- Older children can sit in a chair while the eye drop is administered as he/she leans back and looks up.
- Always follow the directions such as washing hands before administering the drops.