The normal blood pressure reading has a systolic pressure that is less than 120 mmHg and the diastolic pressure is below 80 mmHg. When it comes to stage I hypertension, it is defined as a blood pressure reading with a systolic of 140-159 mmHg and a diastolic of 90-99 mmHg. It is important to note that high blood pressure can be controlled with proper first aid measures and treatment.
Get rid of the current risk factors
Always remember that smoking cigarettes can lead to the temporary elevation of the blood pressure. The individual must avoid using tobacco products in order to lower down the blood pressure. Take note that consumption of alcohol increases the blood pressure in some individuals and must be avoided.
In some cases, limiting the intake of alcoholic beverages to one per day for women and two per day for men is recommended. Stress reduction can also help lower the blood pressure in some individuals. Those who practiced relaxation methods were able to lower their systolic pressure.
Treating the underlying conditions
There are cases of hypertension that involves underlying causes. The diseases that involve the thyroid, kidney and parathyroid glands can increase the blood pressure. Once these conditions are treated, the normal blood pressure level can be restored. There are also some medications that have a side effect of hypertension. This would require an alternative medication so that the blood pressure will return to normal. Additionally, sleep apnea can also lead to high blood pressure in some individuals and can be treated.
Modifications with the diet can drastically reduce the blood pressure. By reducing the sodium intake, it can lower the systolic pressure. If the DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) is followed, it can further reduce the systolic pressure. This plan works by limiting the saturated fat, sodium and cholesterol. The individual is encouraged to eat vegetables, fruits and low-fat dairy products to increase the intake of fiber and minerals connected to lower the blood pressure. Table salt must be avoided and carefully read the sodium content in the food labels.
Increasing the activity level and maintaining weight
Those who are overweight and lead a sedentary lifestyle will end up with hypertension. Always remember that exercise can help lower the blood pressure and the increase level of activity can also promote weight loss.
For stage I hypertension, the first drug of choice are the thiazide-type diuretics. These medications help the kidneys eliminate the fluid and sodium, thus reducing the volume of blood so that the heart does not have to strain. Other medications that are used include anti-adrenergics which lower the blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels. ACE inhibitors work by keeping the kidneys from retaining sodium and water. Always remember that lifelong medication is required for individuals who need drugs to control their blood pressure.