Recently, research regarding the diagnosis and treatment of childhood asthma made a big difference in controlling asthma among children. The burden of asthma is higher for children than adults. It is important to note that asthma is the most prevalent lasting disorder in childhood which affects millions below 18 years of age. The reason why some develop asthma and others do not is still unknown. Based on studies conducted, there are factors linked with the development of the condition, but none are proven to be the exact cause. Nevertheless, when it comes to the management of asthma, the results have been beneficial. To learn to recognize and manage an asthma attack and other respiratory emergencies, register for standard or emergency first aid and CPR training with a credible provider near you.
Asthma involves the inflammation and narrowing of the small airways in the lungs. The latest asthma medications help reduce airway inflammation and prevent the airways from constricting. The two types of medications currently used in treating asthma include bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory agents. The anti-inflammatory drugs stop the current airway inflammation and also prevent future inflammation from developing. These include cromolyn sodium and corticosteroids. One of the latest is leukotriene inhibitors which block the activity of chemicals called leukotrienes that are involved in airway inflammation.
One of the promising advancement in treatment is an individualized approach to asthma therapy. Not all who have asthma respond to currently approved treatment medications. Take note that individualized reduction of the asthma triggers and therapy will address the issue. At the present, doctors are improving asthma control and identifying new therapies to help stop the asthma symptoms completely.
Connection of asthma and sinusitis
Based on studies conducted, there is a relationship between asthma and sinusitis. Children who were treated aggressively for sinusitis showed an improvement in the asthma symptoms. These children do not respond to asthma therapy.
The sinuses are the hollow air space within the bones. These can become blocked, thus resulting to inflammation and infection within the sinus space, leading to sinusitis. Take note that sinusitis can trigger asthma at times while symptoms such as coughing are somewhat similar to asthma.
Sinusitis often starts as common cold then progresses into a bacterial infection after extended periods of inflammation. The symptoms are different from the adults. Children report sinus pain less often than the adults. Oftentimes, a diagnosis is difficult to make. A cough that persists for weeks can indicate sinusitis and persistent inflammation.
Important facts about asthma
It is important to note that secondhand smoke can cause serious harm among children, especially those who have asthma. Many children who have asthma end up with an aggravated condition through exposure to secondhand smoke.
Asthma is one of the leading causes of hospitalizations among children below 15 years old. Recently, the number of deaths and hospitalizations due to asthma has drastically reduced, except for young children. In addition, boys are more likely to end up with asthma than girls.