Diabetes develops once the body could not generate enough insulin to move the blood sugar into the cells for energy. The body could not produce any insulin when it comes to type-1 diabetes, thus the individual must administer insulin injections on a daily basis to survive. Many individuals with diabetes have type-2 diabetes in which the cells ignore the insulin or not enough is provided. Diabetic individuals who monitor the condition carefully can avoid the signs and symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes.
Diabetics can control the condition via a healthy diet and exercise. For type-1 diabetics, they need to take the right dosage of insulin. Controlling the condition keeps the blood sugar levels as normal as possible. The blood sugar reading is monitored using a glucose meter. On the other hand, certain circumstances can result to blood sugar levels that are too high or too low.
Individuals who have diabetes can increase their exercise program without changing their diets under their treatment plan, thus resulting to changes in the blood sugar levels. Intake of too much insulin, eating too little food, eating too much food or changes in weight can also lead to abnormal blood sugar levels. Stress or certain conditions can cause changes in the blood sugar levels even when the condition is properly controlled.
What are the effects?
Low blood sugar or hypoglycemia can lead to abrupt symptoms that include inability to speak or think clearly, fatigue, loss of muscle coordination, paleness, sweating and weakness.
Rapid consumption of sugar or carbohydrates can reduce the symptoms such as fruit juices, soda and milk or even eating candy and glucose tablets. Elevated blood sugar or hyperglycemia can lead to extreme thirst, fatigue, blurred vision or frequent urination. When it comes to type-1 diabetics, it requires an additional dosage of insulin to restore the blood sugar levels to normal.
Infections and damage to the skin tissues occur when an individual could not properly control diabetes. Diabetics typically take extra care in assessing their bodies to prevent serious issues.
Proper foot care must be observed since poor blood flow to the feet due to diabetes can lead to severe complications including amputation of the toes, legs or feet. Blisters or cuts on the feet should be treated. Skin and gum infections can occur easily from diabetes.
Diabetes can also increase the risk for nerve deterioration that can impair the limbs. Excess amount of sugar in the walls of the blood vessels can result to tingling, numbness, burning or pain in the fingers or toes that steadily spread out.
If diabetes is not properly controlled, it can lead to loss of sensation in the affected limbs. In men, erectile dysfunction can occur. Take note that diabetes also increases the risk for eye and kidney damage since the condition can affect the blood vessels in the kidney and retina.
Uncontrolled diabetes can also lead to kidney failure or blindness. Heart disease can also occur among diabetics, even if they observe extra care in monitoring the condition. Along with the monitoring of the blood sugar levels, it is also vital to watch out for indications of high blood pressure or elevated cholesterol to avoid heart disease.