Water on the knees is also known as knee effusion and swelling of the knee.
Water on the knees is a condition where there is an excess amount of fluid accumulation in the knee joint, which includes areas around it. Some people suffer from water on the knee problems due which to over usage, injuries, traumas and other underlying diseases or medical conditions.
Causes of Water on the Knees
Water on the knees is usually caused by arthritis. Patients with knee arthritis commonly have fluid accumulated within the joint of their knees. The removal of the fluid helps relief the pain, but this procedure is not permanent as the fluid often re-accumulates.
Serious injuries to the knee can cause accumulation of fluids including blood within the knees. For an instance, ligament injuries can cause fluid accumulation. Furthermore, small torn blood vessels can cause fluid to accumulate within the joints.
Excessive amounts of fluid around the joint can also accumulate in the bursa. This condition is known as prepatellar bursitis. Even though the fluid is not within the knee joint itself, it can still cause water on knees.
Water on the knees symptoms
Here are some signs and symptoms of water on the knees.
Knee pain often occurs when the joint is put under a lot of pressure. The pain usually subsides with sufficient rest. Though some patients may suffer from severe pain, most report no discomfort. Even if one knee appears larger than the other, pain is not guaranteed.
One knee may appear larger than the other. Puffiness around the bony parts of the knee appear prominent when compared with the other knee.
Knee joints with excessive fluid may cause difficulty in bending or straightening the knee. Fluids may even show under the knee when it is straightened.
How to handle Water on the Knees
Here are some tips on how to handle water on the knees.
Rest the knee whenever possible. Walk as little as possible to reduce stress on the knees.
Turn to a pair of crutches if it hurts when straightening your leg.
Place an ice pack directly on the swollen part of your knee for around half an hour. Then remove the ice for another half an hour. Do these 3 times a day, two times each time. This will help to reduce the swelling and the pain.
Use a suitably warm, moist towel or take a warm bath to relief the pain after the swelling subsides.
Apply pressure by wrapping your knee in an elastic bandage or similar.
When lying down, try to keep the knee elevated higher than the heart. Use pillows or the couch to prop the knee and foot.
The usage of arch supports in your shoes can help shift the pressure from parts of the knee that is being affected by water on the knee. By reducing the pressure on the knees, you’ll feel less pain and speed up the recovery process.
If the pain continues or if symptoms of water on the Knees get unbearable, consult your doctor immediately for further actions.