Pseudomonas infections are brought about by the Pseudomonas bacteria. The bacterium is widely present in the environment especially in water, soil and plants. They do not typically trigger any infections among healthy individuals. In case an infection occurs in a healthy individual, it is generally mild.
For severe infections, it occurs among those who are hospitalized with other ailments or those who have a weakened immune system. Remember that pseudomonas are common pathogens involved in infections acquired in a healthcare setting.
The infections can arise in any body part. The symptoms that might manifest depend on the body part infected. Antibiotics are generally used to manage the infections. The infection can be deadly among those who are seriously sick.
The skin infections are less severe than those that affect the lungs or blood. The specific symptoms are based on the site of infection.
Bacteremia is a bacterial infection of the blood. This is considered as the most severe infection caused by pseudomonas and causes the following:
- Joint and muscle pain
Low blood pressure can develop which leads to failure of the organs including the kidneys, heart and the liver.
If the lungs are infected, it is called pneumonia and causes the following symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- Cough with or without sputum production
If the bacteria infect the skin, it typically affects the hair follicles which is called folliculitis and causes the following:
- Abscess formation in the skin
- Skin redness
- Draining wounds
Pseudomonas infections are quite aggressive, especially if the skin or the lungs are involved.
Pseudomonas infections are managed using antibiotics. It is sad to note that many infections are harder to treat. The bacteria have developed the ability to adapt and overcome antibiotics which is called antibiotic resistance.
The infections can often develop resistance to several types of antibiotics. It can even develop resistance while under treatment.
The doctor should select an effective antibiotic. The doctor will request for a specimen from the individual to be analyzed to determine the suitable antibiotic.
Some of the antibiotics that might be used include:
- Ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin
The skin and ear infections acquired from hot tubs and swimming pools are generally mild.
The severe infections can be deadly if not promptly treated. A doctor should be consulted if new symptoms arise and worried about them. Immediate treatment with the right antibiotic can hasten the recovery period.