Difficulty breathing is considered one of the usual symptoms of an allergic reaction. It is important to note that allergies can range from environmental allergens such as dust mites or pollen as well as food allergens such as nuts and seafood. In every allergic response, there are various symptoms but the breathing is always affected. The common breathing symptoms of an allergic response include asthma-like symptoms, nasal congestion, coughing, wheezing and difficulty breathing. An individual who experiences these symptoms must consult a doctor so that a proper diagnosis can be given.
In severe allergic reactions, the breathing can be drastically disrupted that it can be considered as a life-threatening condition. In such cases, it is definitely an advantage to be prepared. Enrolling in a first aid class today is a wise choice especially if a family member has an allergy.
Hay fever or allergic rhinitis is the prevalent cause of breathing difficulty due to the congestion in the nasal passages. It can also trigger a scratchy throat and irritated eyes but initially affects the nasal passages. Once an individual with hay fever is exposed to a particular allergen such as pollen, mold or pet dander, the body releases chemicals that trigger the sinus cavity to become swollen. These inflamed sinuses clog up the airways, thus preventing the individual from breathing normally via the nose. The nasal congestion is treated with antihistamines and decongestants.
An allergy-induced asthma can lead to evident breathing difficulty. Once the individual with allergy-induced asthma is exposed to a particular allergen, the airways are constricted and there is overproduction of mucus that affects the ability to breathe normally. The allergic asthma symptoms include dry cough, wheezing, sore chest, breathlessness and sleeplessness. In case the individual suffers these symptoms and a doctor is not yet consulted, it is time to schedule an appointment. In severe cases, asthma can be dangerous.
An anaphylactic shock is an overreaction of the immune system. It goes into a hyper mode and starts to shutdown different parts of the body. This is considered as a rare yet severe allergic reaction that can be dangerous. An anaphylactic shock is usually linked with food allergies and some insect bites and stings. An individual who is experiencing anaphylaxis becomes faint, could not breath, and starts to vomit while the lips will start to swell. It is important to seek immediate medical care to prevent serious damage. Once the individual shows signs of anaphylactic shock, he/she should be given epinephrine in the form of an EpiPen. An EpiPen is an injectable epinephrine that works by counteracting the symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. Once the epinephrine is administered, the individual must be taken to the hospital for further assessment and care.