Even though the ankle joint is sturdy enough to bear the full weight of the body, it is designed for mobility and susceptible to injury and instability. Most cases of ankle injuries typically occur on the exterior or lateral ankle bone due to its skeletal design, thus the pain on the exterior ankle bone is not uncommon. On the other hand, since the ankle pain can sometimes indicate a serious health issue, severe ankle pain must be properly assessed by the doctor particularly if it occurs after an injury to determine the exact cause.
What is lateral ankle sprain?
It is important to note that the sprain involves a tear either partial or complete of the bands of tissue that connects bone to bone. In most cases of ankle sprains, they occur once the ankle rolls in an inward manner since the exterior ankle bone is longer than the interior ankle bone. The indications of an ankle sprain involve pain, particularly during weight bearing, bruising and swelling on the bone and limited range of motion. Even though most ankle sprains can be easily treated at home using the RICE method (rest, ice, compression, elevation), it is best to consult a doctor first in order to rule out an ankle fracture. If you want to learn more about the RICE method, click here.
A fracture that occurs on the exterior ankle bone usually happens during an ankle sprain in two ways. When it comes to a usual ankle sprain, the ligament can pull off a piece of the exterior ankle bone. This is called as an avulsion fracture and diagnosed with an X-ray. The fibula can also sustain a fracture once the ankle is twisted outward in a forceful manner and the foot and ankle bones strike one another. The individual will experience difficulty bearing weight on the affected ankle and must consult a doctor.
Arthritis and gout
Osteoarthritis can occur among the elderly who have suffered from frequent ankle sprains. Osteoarthritis tends to progress slowly and the pain and rigidity can worsen over time. When it comes to gout, the affected joint is warm, swollen and tender that even the weight of the bed sheet is unbearable.
It is important to note that the peroneal tendons passes via the exterior ankle bone and can become sore and inflamed due to overuse or ankle sprain. The indications of peroneal tendinitis involve ankle pain that does not respond to treatment, tenderness, swelling around the exterior of the ankle, pain at the rear of the ankle bone and pain that radiates from the ankle down to the foot. It is recommended that a proper diagnosis is given in order to treat this injury properly as well as help alleviate the chronic pain experienced by the individual.