What are the causes of pain in the exterior ankle bone?

Even though the ankle joint is sturdy enough to bear the full weight of the body, it is mobile and susceptible to injury and instability. Most cases of ankle injuries typically occur on the exterior or lateral ankle bone due to its skeletal design, thus the pain on the exterior ankle bone is not uncommon. On the other hand, since the ankle pain can sometimes indicate a serious health issue, severe ankle pain require assessment by the doctor particularly if it occurs after an injury to determine the exact cause.

Causes of exterior ankle bone pain

What is lateral ankle sprain?

It is important to note that the sprain involves a tear either partial or complete of the bands of tissue that connects bone to bone. In most cases of ankle sprains, they occur once the ankle rolls in an inward manner. The indications of an ankle sprain involve pain, bruising and swelling and limited range of motion. Even though most ankle sprains is treated at home with the RICE method, consult a doctor first to rule out an ankle fracture. If you want to learn more about the RICE method, click here.

Exterior ankle bone

The indications of an ankle sprain involve pain, bruising and swelling and limited range of motion.

Ankle fracture

A fracture that occurs on the exterior ankle bone usually happens during an ankle sprain in two ways. When it comes to a usual ankle sprain, the ligament can pull off a piece of the exterior ankle bone. This is an avulsion fracture and the doctor diagnoses it with an X-ray. The fibula can also sustain a fracture once the ankle is twisted outward in a forceful manner. The individual will experience difficulty bearing weight on the affected ankle and must consult a doctor.

Arthritis and gout

Osteoarthritis can occur among the elderly who have suffered from frequent ankle sprains. Osteoarthritis tends to progress slowly and the pain and rigidity can worsen over time. When it comes to gout, the affected joint is warm, swollen and tender that even the weight of the bed sheet is unbearable.


It is important to note that the peroneal tendons passes via the exterior ankle bone and can become sore and inflamed due to overuse or ankle sprain. The indications of peroneal tendinitis involve ankle pain that does not respond to treatment, tenderness, swelling around the exterior of the ankle, pain at the rear of the ankle bone and pain that radiates from the ankle down to the foot. It is recommended that a proper diagnosis is given in order to treat this injury properly as well as help alleviate the chronic pain experienced by the individual.