Tuberculosis has been a medical issue for many years but at the present, the number of cases has drastically reduced. On the other hand, tuberculosis still remains as a main public health threat all over the globe. Always bear in mind that tuberculosis can either be latent or active.
When it comes to latent tuberculosis, the bacteria stays inactive and does not cause any symptoms. This form of tuberculosis is not contagious. As for active tuberculosis, the causative bacteria which are Mycobacterium tuberculosis are multiplying actively which causes the symptomatic and communicable disease.
Fever, chills and night sweats
Fever is one of the usual symptoms of active tuberculosis. The fever is usually low grade and intermittent. It can be accompanied by chills. The soaking night sweats which occur when the individual sleeps involve wet linens and bed clothes. This is the classic symptom of active tuberculosis. Nevertheless, this indication might not be present in all cases and can be triggered by other conditions other than tuberculosis. You can readily manage fever by enrolling in a course on first aid today.
Malaise and fatigue
Individuals who have active tuberculosis will not feel well. Chronic fatigue is a feeling of extreme tiredness that could not be relieved by sleep is a usual symptom. Take note that physical weakness and reduced tolerance for physical activity often accompany the symptom.
Loss of appetite and weight loss
Individuals who are suffering from tuberculosis experience loss of appetite and unintentional weight loss. In severe cases, the muscle mass of the individual will steadily reduce due to the extreme weight loss.
Hoarseness and swallowing problems
Active tuberculosis will involve the trachea which is the tube that transports air from the nose and mouth to the lungs. The hoarseness and swallowing difficulty are the usual symptoms that the trachea is involved.
It is important to note that actively tuberculosis can cause a persistent and productive cough. A productive cough that lasts for more than 2-3 weeks can be considered as an indication for active tuberculosis. During the early stages of the disease, the cough is usually dry. Over time, it becomes productive with yellowish-green colored phlegm.
As the infection progresses, the amount of phlegm produced will increase. The phlegm usually contains streaks of blood. Even though uncommon, active tuberculosis can lead to brisk lung bleeding in which substantial amount of blood are being coughed up along with breathing distress.
Shortness of breath
When it comes to active tuberculosis, both lungs are usually involved in the infection. Take note that the inflammation triggered by the infection as well as destruction will reduce the normal functional capacity of the lungs, thus leading to shortness of breath.
Pleuritic chest pan
Always bear in mind that tuberculosis often causes chest pain. Even though the lungs do not have the capability to feel pain, they are enclosed by thin sacs known as pleura that have pain innervation. Active tuberculosis can lead to the inflammation of the pleura which causes pain as the lungs move in the pleural sacs. When the individual coughs or breathes deeply, it causes the pain which is called as pleuritic chest pain.