Thousands of individuals in different parts of the world die from rabies infections on a yearly basis. Most of these deaths typically occur in Africa and Asia but it has also been reported in almost all countries. It is important to note that millions of individuals every year receive vaccinations after dog bites which helps prevent the number of deaths.
In most cases of rabies infections, they are caused by dog bites. The indications of rabies are distinctive and can manifest within days or weeks after the individual was bitten. If an individual sustained a dog bite, it is vital that you are prepared with the steps to take. If you want to be prepared, all you have to do is to register for first aid training today.
What are the initial symptoms?
Regardless of the type of rabies that develops, the primary symptoms of infection are usually similar. The symptoms include fatigue, fever as well as headache, increasing pain at the bite site or unexplained prickling or burning sensation at the bite site. From here, the virus responsible for the rabies will spread all over the central nervous system and causes one of the two types of the disease – paralytic or furious rabies.
What are the two types of rabies?
Once the initial symptoms of the condition manifest, it will later on progress to either form of rabies if the condition is not treated right away or simply ignored. It is important to be familiar with the types of rabies that can develop.
It is important to note that paralytic rabies is responsible for about 30% of cases of rabies infection in different parts of the world. This form of rabies is considered lethal but takes longer to develop. The muscles of the individual become paralyzed first at the bite site and the paralysis spreads all over the body. Eventually, the individual will fall into a state of coma and dies.
When it comes to furious rabies, it is considered more common. The symptoms that manifest from furious rabies usually include hallucinations, thirst, hyperactivity as well as insomnia, swallowing difficulty and even panic once the individual is given something to drink. After a few days, death can occur the moment the lungs and heart of the individual eventually falters or shuts down.
What happens when the symptoms manifests?
The moment the clinical signs of rabies are evident, the infection is almost always deadly. An individual who was bitten by a dog or another potential carrier of the disease such as raccoons, bats, foxes, skunks, rodents and coyotes must consult a doctor as soon as possible and have the animal detained if possible for rabies testing.
In case the animal could not be detained for testing or found to be positive for rabies, the individual must receive immediate vaccination to help prevent the progression of the disease.