Type 2 diabetes that is not properly treated can result to serious complications. It is important to note that this is a severe ailment that develops during adulthood.
Type 2 diabetes generally affects the absorption and utilization of glucose in the body. Insulin is a hormone that the body generates to control the metabolism of glucose. An individual with this condition is either resistant to the effects of insulin or could not generate the adequate amount of insulin required to control the level of glucose in the body.
What are the potential complications of type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is often asymptomatic for several years before it is diagnosed, usually due to a complication. One of the usual complications is heart disease. The uncontrolled level of glucose in the body impairs the blood vessels and nerves.
In most cases of kidney failure, diabetes is the cause. Generally, the kidneys are responsible for filtering waste from the body. After some time, the elevated level of glucose can clog the small-sized blood vessels in the kidneys or trigger issues in the urinary tract that can also impair the kidneys.
Diabetes is known to cause delayed or poor healing of wounds. The nerve damage can lead to vascular damage resulting to poor circulation to the extremities especially the feet.
If type 2 diabetes is not controlled, the individual might end up with an infection in a wound. The infection is likely to spread, resulting to ulceration and oftentimes requiring the amputation of a toe, foot or the entire leg.
This is a progressive eye condition that can result to blindness. It develops due to damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Damage to the vision is not evident initially but the eye sight will deteriorate over time.
In this condition, the body utilizes fat instead of sugar as energy. This results to the buildup of ketones in the body and bloodstream. In elevated amounts, the ketones can become poisonous. Even though serious, diabetic ketoacidosis is an uncommon condition.
Men who have undiagnosed type 2 diabetes can end up with erectile dysfunction. This is generally brought about by an obstructed blood vessel or nerve damage due to high blood sugar.