Hernia is a strain in the abdominal muscles but it often starts due to trauma to the groin muscle group. Inguinal hernia is the most common type which develops in the groin. Take note that the condition is not dangerous, but it would require medical care since life-threatening complications can develop. Surgical intervention is required to repair a hernia but it is a safe and minor procedure that does not need a long recovery.
How does a hernia develop?
A hernia occurs once part of an internal organ, usually a segment of the intestine thrusts through a weakened abdominal wall. The increased pressure can start the event, particular if there is already a weak point in the muscle wall. Engaging in strenuous exercise can cause a hernia but it is rare. Weakened muscles caused by the normal aging process can also cause hernia.
Who are at risk?
Always bear in mind that the injury commonly occurs among athletes who play soccer and hockey due to the repetitive action of the hip joint. In the general population, individuals who have a single inguinal hernia are more likely to have another as well as those who have a family history are at higher risk. Lastly, men are more likely to get hernias than women.
What are the symptoms?
- Bulge in the groin area
- Pain or pulling sensation
- Vague feeling of being full
- Pain or swelling around the testicles in cases in which the intestine protrudes into the scrotum
- In rare cases, severe pain when the hernia could not move back into the abdomen and blocks the blood supply
The treatment for hernia is not needed unless the symptoms are present, but it is still best to consult with your doctor. You can perform basic first aid measures to minimize the pain. On the other hand, if the hernia starts to interfere with daily activities or sports, it is best to have the condition treated. If there is significant pain, it is best to seek immediate medical care in order to prevent the condition from worsening.
Always remember that a hernia will not get better over time, but it can worsen or require treatment for months or even years.
Hernias can be prevented by taking into consideration the following measures. Initially, the individual must maintain a weight that is appropriate for his/her height and frame. The individual must observe how to properly lift objects by bending using the hips and knees instead of rounding the back at the waist in order to prevent straining.
Additionally, the individual must include foods in their diet that are rich in fiber in order to prevent constipation that can cause straining as well as increase the risk for a hernia.
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