A nabothian cyst is a small-sized cyst that develops on the surface of the cervix. The cervix links the vagina to the uterus and oftentimes called as the cervical canal. The cysts are packed with mucus that is released by the cervical glands. These bumps are considered common and not a threat to the health or an indication of cervical cancer.
What are the causes?
The nabothian cysts form once the mucus-generating glands in the cervix are layered with skin cells and end up obstructed. The skill cells clog up the glands which leads to the accumulation of mucus. This results to the formation of a cyst on the cervix that appears as a small white lump.
Physical trauma to the cervix and childbirth can lead to the development of a nabothian cyst in some women. During childbirth, the surplus skin cells can grow on the mucus gland and trap the mucus, resulting to the cysts.
Physical trauma on the cervix can lead to the development of excess tissue on the top of the gland during the healing process and trap the mucus. The cysts due to physical trauma are quite common during recovery from chronic cases of cervicitis.
Possible risk factors
A woman is likely to develop these cysts if pregnant or within the child-bearing age. One is also at risk if adenoma malignum is present. This is considered as a form of neoplasia that affects the production of mucus in the cervix.
A doctor should be consulted if there is a need to undergo screening for adenoma malignum if the individual is worried that a nabothian cyst might be due to this condition.
What are the indications of a nabothian cyst?
A nabothian cyst can vary in size from a few millimeters up to 4 centimeters in size. They are usually smooth and have yellow or white color. The doctor might notice one or several cysts during a routine pelvic examination.
Remember that these cysts do not cause any discomfort, pain or other symptoms. With this in mind, it is likely that the doctor will discover any cysts while assessing the cervix for other issues.
A doctor should be consulted if there is bleeding amid the periods, irregular discharge or pelvic pain. Take note that these symptoms might specify an infection or other irregularities that requires further assessment.
A nabothian cyst is benign and does not require treatment. In rare instances, the cysts can enlarge and even distort the size and shape of the cervix. In severe cases, it can make a routine cervical exam hard or even impossible.
It is vital that the doctor will conduct a thorough examination of the cervix during routine check-ups. The assessments will ensure optimum reproductive health as well as pinpoint any issues with the cervix early.