An abdominal wound occurs due to trauma or surgical procedures on the area beneath the rib cage all the way to the pelvis. It is important to note that an abdominal wound is considered as serious if the hygienic peritoneal cavity is exposed to the skin area. The peritoneal cavity is the area around the stomach, intestines and the liver. A penetrating abdominal wound would require immediate emergency care to prevent further damage to the involved organs and tissues.
Once the intestines protrude via the abdominal wall, the intestines should be covered with sterile gauze or clean dry cloth. It is also important to avoid touching the exposed intestines or removing any foreign bodies present in the wound to prevent further bleeding or any damage to the site. Individuals who need transportation by the medical team must be done as soon as possible. If an individual is involved in a vehicular accident and sustained an abdominal wound, you have to call for emergency assistance right away.
It is important to note that a properly prepared wound bed shows sufficient blood supply to the area, there is stability of the wound bed with stitches, staples or tapes in place and generates little or no drainage. Take note that wounds after any type of surgical procedure typically comply with these prerequisites for a healthy wound bed.
Individuals who have abdominal wounds should not be given any drink or food unless it is allowed by the doctor. Once the individuals can digest food, the specific food intake must be observed for the proper healing of the wounds.
Complex open abdominal wounds
Wounds that perforate the intestines or there is rupture of the abdominal aorta are considered as an emergency situation that requires immediate surgery at the hospital. This would require immediate emergency care as quickly as possible.
Abdominal wound complications
If the complications occur, the problem can arise within three weeks of the appearance of the wound. Bleeding is a major complication within the first 48 hours after surgery. The infection that occurs after bleeding is the next complication to disrupt the healing process. Based on studies, the problem of dehiscence tends to occur less frequently, but when it occurs, it increases the death rate. Take note that dehiscence is the process in which the wound breaks open and exposes the bowel. The complications should be addressed before the organized process of healing can take place.
What are the factors that hinder the wound healing?
There are certain factors that are stated that can hinder the wound healing process. The major factors that delay the process of healing include chemotherapeutic agents, corticosteroids, cigarettes smoking, jaundice, diabetes and malnutrition. An individual who sustained an abdominal wound even though it appears minor must be carefully assessed by a doctor so that appropriate care and treatment can be started right away.