What is knee joint synovitis?

The knee pain experienced by some individuals can be a mere irritation or can indicate a serious bodily issue. One of the causes of knee joint pain is a condition called as knee joint synovitis. This condition can be triggered by chronic conditions such as diseases particularly arthritis or an injury. It is important to note that there are certain types of cancer that target the soft tissue that can also start in the tissues between the bones called as the synovium. Luckily, most cases of knee joint synovitis are not life-threatening, but it is still considered as a serious condition by those who are suffering from the symptoms.

The bones in the knee joint are shielded by the special liquid-filled membrane that covers the bones and encapsulates the joint. The purpose of the synovium is to allow smooth motion to prevent the bones of the leg from grinding on each other once the knee is moved. Knee joint synovitis is basically a condition in which the synovium is inflamed or damaged.

 

What are the causes?

Knee joint synovitis

The symptoms of knee joint synovitis include swelling, pain and stiffness in the affected knee joint. In most cases, the individual will also experience walking difficulty.

Knee joint synovitis can be initiated by various conditions including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, sickle cell anemia and rheumatic disease. It can also be caused by cancer or injury. Proper testing is vital in order to determine the exact cause of chronic knee joint synovitis since certain diseases have similar symptoms.

Symptoms

The symptoms of knee joint synovitis include swelling, pain and stiffness in the affected knee joint. In most cases, the individual will also experience walking difficulty.

Diagnosing knee joint synovitis

It is important to consult a doctor so that further testing can be carried out such as MRI, X-ray, CT scan and even a blood test to diagnose the condition. In some circumstances, fluid is extracted from the knee using a needle and sent to the laboratory for testing. The testing performed includes measuring the clarity, viscosity, color and if white blood cells are present.

Treatment

Depending on the cause of knee joint synovitis, various treatment options can be prescribed. If the condition was instigated by injury, rest and elevation of the leg might be required. The affected knee should be wrapped with a compression bandage. If you want to learn how to effectively deliver these measures, click here.

If the knee joint synovitis is due to arthritis, anti-inflammatory medications and pain relievers are given. If the arthritis is incapacitating, arthroscopic surgery might be carried out to removal of the entire or only a part of the affected synovial tissue.

Depending on the cause of knee joint synovitis, the inflammation and pain can heal on its own or with the help of anti-inflammatory and pain medications. In case the synovitis is caused by rheumatoid arthritis or a degenerative condition, the knee joint and bones in the leg will continue to degrade unless treatment is provided. In some cases, individuals who undergo knee surgery experience relief.

Preventive measures

Avoiding injury is the ideal preventive measure but if the knee injury does not seem to heal within a few days, it is best to consult a doctor so that the wound will not progress into a chronic condition. If knee joint synovitis was caused by arthritis, the ideal prevention is to continue the prescribed therapy.

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