The knee pain experienced by some individuals can be a mere irritation or can indicate a serious bodily issue. One of the causes of knee joint pain is knee joint synovitis. This condition is due to chronic conditions such as diseases particularly arthritis or an injury. It is important to note that there are certain types of cancer that target the soft tissue that can also start in the tissues between the bones called as the synovium. Luckily, most cases of knee joint synovitis are not life-threatening, but it is still a serious condition by those who are suffering from the symptoms.
The special liquid-filled membrane that covers the bones and encapsulates the joint protects the bones in the knee joint. The purpose of the synovium is to allow smooth motion to prevent the bones of the leg from grinding on each other during knee movement. Knee joint synovitis is a condition there is inflammation or damage to the synovium.
What are the causes?
Knee joint synovitis is due to various conditions including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, sickle cell anemia and rheumatic disease. It is also due to cancer or injury. The doctor performs proper testing to determine the exact cause of chronic knee joint synovitis since certain diseases have similar symptoms.
The symptoms of knee joint synovitis include swelling, pain and stiffness in the affected knee joint. In most cases, the individual will also experience walking difficulty.
Consult a doctor for further testing such as MRI, X-ray, CT scan and even a blood test to diagnose the condition. In some circumstances, the doctor extracts fluid from the knee using a needle for testing in the laboratory. The testing performed includes measuring the clarity, viscosity, color and if white blood cells are present.
Treatment for knee joint synovitis
Depending on the cause of knee joint synovitis, the doctor prescribes various treatment options. If the condition is due to an injury, rest and elevation of the leg is necessary. Wrap the knee with a compression bandage. If you want to learn how to effectively deliver these measures, click here.
If knee joint synovitis is due to arthritis, use anti-inflammatory medications and pain relievers. In case arthritis is incapacitating, the doctor performs arthroscopic surgery for removal of the entire or only a part of the synovial tissue.
Depending on the cause of knee joint synovitis, the inflammation and pain can heal on its own or with the help of anti-inflammatory and pain medications. In case the synovitis is caused by rheumatoid arthritis or a degenerative condition, the knee joint and bones in the leg will continue to degrade unless treatment is provided. In some cases, individuals who undergo knee surgery experience relief.
Avoiding injury is the ideal preventive measure but if the knee injury does not seem to heal within a few days, it is best to consult a doctor so that the wound will not progress into a chronic condition. If knee joint synovitis was caused by arthritis, the ideal prevention is to continue the prescribed therapy.