Listeriosis is an uncommon form of infection brought about by the listeria bacteria. The infection typically settles on its own but can lead to serious issues among those who have a weakened immune system and pregnant women.
How can I acquire the infection?
Listeriosis is generally acquired from eating contaminated food. It can be acquired from various types of food but typically an issue with:
- Dairy products made from unpasteurized milk
- Unpasteurized milk
- Soft types of cheese such as brie and camembert
- Ready-to-eat-foods that were chilled such as pâté, sandwiches and deli meats
Take note that these foods will not always lead to the condition.
The condition can also be acquired from:
- Exposure to infected individuals such as eating food that they handled especially if they have not washed hands thoroughly
- Close exposure to farm animals particularly cows and sheep that are giving birth
What are the signs?
Generally, listeriosis does not trigger any symptoms or only cause minor symptoms for a few days such as:
If any of these symptoms are present, it can be managed at home.
There are some measures that can be done to lower the risk for acquiring listeriosis such as:
- Regularly wash hands using water and soap
- Vegetables and fruits must be thoroughly washed before eating them
- Ready-to-eat foods must be stored according to the packaging instructions
- Make sure that all hot foot is steaming hot all the way
- Avoid foods that are after the “use-by date” even if they smell and appear normal